Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3, 1847.
He was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, he was educated there
Alexander Melville, Bell, taught deaf-mutes to speak and
wrote textbooks on correct speech. He invented ?Visible
Bell and his brothers helped their father in
demonstrations of Visible Speech, Beginning in 1962. He
also became a student-teacher at West House, a boys school
became a full-time teacher after studying for a year at the
University of Edinburgh. Then he studied at the University
of London. (A. G. Bell: Making Connections, 1996)
In 1866, he made experiments to find out how vowel
sounds are produced. He read a book on acoustics by a
German physicist Hermann von Helmholtz, he used notes of
electrically driven forks to make vowel sounds. That gave
him the idea of ?telegraphing? even though he had no idea
how to do it. (World Book Enc., 1991)
Bad things started to happen to the family.
doctor told his father that Graham was in danger too, but
his father gave up his job and moved to Brantford, Ontario,
College. After a while of working on the phone without
attorney who he met by the man?s daughter who was left deaf
Green Hubbard. Graham married her four years later. The
When he found out what Graham was trying to do he helped
him.(Wires West, Phil Ault, 1974)
After a while of trying he found out that he didn?t
have enough training but he went to an electrical
developed the ?harmonic telegraph? which could send more
than one message at a time over a single telegraph wire.(
A. G. Bell: Making Connections, 1996) In 1875, he had
produced the first recognizable voice-like sounds.
In 1876, while testing, Graham spilled acid near
the telephone transmitter and called in the famous words
?Mr. Watson, come here; I want you? he forgot about it in
the excitement of the invention .
On his twenty-ninth birthday he received the patent
securing his rights as inventor of the telephone.(Our
Foreign Born Citizens, Annie E. S. Beard, 1955)
French government awarded Bell the Volta Prize of
50,000 francs in 1880 for the invention of the telephone.
The money was used to establish the Volta Laboratory for
developed the method of making phonograph records on wax
Association to Promote the Teaching of Speech to the Deaf.
It is now called Alexander Graham Bell Association for the
Deaf). (World Book Enc., 1991)
He later experimented with a means to detect metal
in wounds. And with a vacuum-jacket respirator that led to
the making of the iron lung.(Robert V. Bruce, 1973) He
helped bring Thomas A. Edisons phonograph to commercial
practicality and started experimenting with hydrofoil boats
and airplanes. (Wires West, Phil Ault, 1974) He was so
interested in flying in his life, that he helped finance
American scientist Samuel P. Langley?s experiments with
heavier-than-air machines. He conducted a series of
air. In 1907, he helped organize the Aerial Experiment
Association, which worked with advanced aviation. He also
contributed to the establishment of Science magazine and
Foreign Born Citizens, Annie E.S. Beard, 1955)
He became a U.S. citizen in 1882, but spent most of
He died August 2, 1922, at his house.
Alexander Graham Bell was very important to U.S. history
because he helped communications get easier. Alexander
many useless and otherwise time-consuming ways of
and having to wait at least a month for a reply. He was
If it weren?t for the support of Bell in many of
the experiments of that time many inventions might have
never been made like the tests on aviation. If it weren?t
for his inventions life as we know it now may have never
existed. Imagine, we would have never been able to trade
effectively, and World War I we would know about it too
late to be able to do something about it. And then if we
already been attacking without us being ready.
So if you think about it, if it weren?t for him the
world might of been ruled by Hitler or by a communist
leader. We may have never existed if it weren?t for him
but that is taking it a little to far. You can see that
one important thing leads to another important thing and if
something would happen the difference could be disastrous.
phones, etc. Imagine, you wouldn?t be able to see movies,
probably be less things to buy, internet wouldn?t exist and
exist of course, and quick calls to the house would not be
So, the reasons of his importance are impossible to
count because so many things that were effected because of
He will forever be remebered.
The World Book Encyclopedia, World Book,Chicago IL,1991).
Phil Ault, Wires West: The Story of the Talking wires,
Odd, Mead & Company, NY, 1974)
Annie E. S. Beard, Our Foreign-Born Citizens, Thomas Y.
Crowell Company, NY, (1955)
Robert V. Bruce, Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and the
Conquest of solitude, (1973).
Naomi Pasachoff, Alexander Graham Bell: Making