Lodz Ghetto, the second largest ghetto in Europe, and was often referred to as the gargetto. It
was considered the central ghetto in the Wartheland, Poland area. Lodz was unique in one aspect. The Jews
The Jews of Lodz were the ones who were responsible for the city’s development. Lodz was second in size
Germans needed the Jews’ productivity and therefore didn’t destroy the Jews in it for awhile.
non-Jews living in Baluty, the area were the ghetto was to be established, were ordered to move out while
the Jews from other parts of Lodz were ordered to move in. The Jews were not allowed to take anything
in with them. The ghetto was closed and surrounded by a wall that was six feet high and over ten miles
long. 9 The only outsiders who were permitted to enter and exit the ghetto were German guards and
officials. The Jews of the ghetto knew little of the Nazis’ plan for them. They planned to go about their
daily lives normally. The Germans realized that it would be very hard to evacuate so many Jews at once
and so, they established the ghetto for the Jews of Lodz. The Germans made the Jews work for the German
of the ghetto. The Nazis agreed to this and then went right back to pulling Jews off the streets and then
pulled them from their homes. They killed them if they refused.
The Nazis lied to the Jews and told them that they were being moved to better conditions, only to
on Polish farms or at work camps in Germany. They cut off the ghetto from the rest of the world. The
Jews were separated under threat of death. Even before the ghetto was set up, the Nazis made a demand
year after the ghetto was sealed, the deportations really began. Volunteering was tried, but failed. The Nazis
then seized the 57 mentally ill people of the ghetto. Anyone who was outspoken about their views would be
the next one to be deported. When Jews began to be trasported into Lodz, the Germans demanded 1,00 Jews
to be deported everyday to keep the ghetto from becoming too “overcrowded”.
and Warsaw. They heard of the deportations of their families who lived in other cities and who were killed
free. Right before the ghetto was to be liquidated, a traitor led the Gestapo to the secret radios. One of
painful poisoning. He was afraid that he might choke under the pressure of the Nazis and reveal the names
of other radio owners.
The Jews did not believe the stories that they were told. They believed that the Germans would
spare Lodz and its inhabitants-otherwise why would the Germans be pouring Jews into Lodz ? In the fall of
1941, about eighteen thousand Jews arrived in Lodz from nearby towns. In April 1942, the final deportations
began. First the unemployed and poor were ordered to sign up for “work”, and they did not realize that they
were signing for death.. Germans enterd the ghetto and grabbed all of the elderly, young and weak who hadn’t
complied with the order.Those final weeks, 15,000 people were deported. The population of the ghetto had
dropped to about 70,000.
The war was not going well for the Germans. They were being beaten by the Allies and the Russians
on both fronts. The order then came to liquidate the remainder of the Jews and destroy the ghetto. Trains
left the Lodz railroad station with the remaining 76, 701(an exact number) Jews of the Lodz ghetto headed
the remaining valuables for the Germans. Another few hundred people managed to hide themselves underground.
The Russian army marched in as the Germans fled. Most of those in hiding ran out of their hiding spots and
About 10,000 Jews survived the Lodz Ghetto. Some had the good fortune to be sent to work camps.
The rest were sent to Auschwitz. More Jews survived from the Lodz Ghetto than from any other ghetto.The
number of people that were lost, though, is unbelievable. Over 60,000 were killed. It reminds me of the movie
saved ?just one more Jew?.
The Nazis Final Solution didn?t really work out. The Jews outsmarted them by their will and
me is that the Germans killed as many Jews as they could when they found out they were not going to win
prevent an atrosity like this from happening again.