To His Coy Mistress By Marvell


To His Coy Mistress By Marvell Essay, Research Paper

Andrew Marvell writes an elaborate poem that not only speaks to his coy mistress

but also to the reader. He suggests to his coy mistress that time is inevitably

ticking and that he (the speaker) wishes for her to act upon his wish and have a

sexual relationship. Marvell simultaneously suggest to the reader that he/she

must act upon their desires, to hesitate no longer and seize the moment?before

time expires. Marvell uses a dramatic sense of imagery and exaggeration in order

to relay his message to the reader and to his coy mistress. The very first two

lines of the poem suggest that it would be fine for him and his mistress to have

a slow and absorbing relationship but there simply isn靖 enough time. He

uses exaggerations such as 蚯ove you ten years before the Flood?and

莧n hundred years should go to praise? 袍wo hundred to adore each

breast; But thirty thousand to the rest.? These exaggerations imply that the

speaker would wait many many years until his coy mistress was ready, but there

isn靖 enough time. The reader can also visualize the deep love the speaker

contains for his coy mistress through the imagery. For example, the speaker

suggests that his vegetable love should grow, and vegetables only get larger and

more ripe as they grow, analogous to his love, but vegetables grow very slow.

His love is so great that it would grow 逐aster than empires, and more

slow? meaning that if there was enough time, his love for her would be immense.

The speaker in this poem is suggesting that his coy mistress is well worth all

of these praises, but considering the situation with such little time, there is

no period for such high praise. The speaker in this poem seems frustrated; he

delicately tries to inform his coy mistress that their death is near, and they

still have not had sexual intercourse. In lines 17-33 the poem seems to lose the

exaggeration sense and suddenly becomes serious. He (the speaker) reinsures his

coy mistress that 造ou deserve this state?(state of praise and high

acknowledgment), 處ut at my back I always hear, Time零 winged

chariot hurrying near? Andrew Marvell uses and interesting image in line 22 (the

line mentioned above) when suggesting to his coy mistress that death is near. He

substitutes the word 責eath?for a more gentle, delicate term of 袍ime零

winged chariot? This term was probably used to prevent from frightening such a

coy mistress. Marvell continues to involve the reader零 imagination

through unimaginable images. What do 蛇eserts of vast eternity?look like?

In fact, Marvell probably used such abstract images to suggest to his coy

mistress that their future is indeterminable, and 袍hy beauty shall no

more be found? Perhaps, beauty is what the coy mistress is so concerned with and

the speaker in this case is trying to frighten her to have sex with him quicker.

He continues to use intense imagery when describing to his coy mistress that

even after death the 逕orms shall try That long preserved virginity? The

speaker now abstractly describes that holding on to your virginity for life is

no good, because her body will be raped of worms and her virtue will turn to

dust after death. The last stanza strongly urges for him and his coy mistress to

act now and let us roll all our strength and all Our sweetness up into one ball?

Through the imagery in this stanza he [the speaker] seems irritated by the

pressures of time, and the stubbornness of his coy mistress. Marvell uses action

words and images to portray the speaker`s short patience such as instant fires?

birds of prey? time devour? and tear our pleasures with rough strife? take him

run? These images create an instant picture in the reader`s mind that depict the

speakers anxiety. Also, in lines 33, 37, and 38 Marvell uses the word how? to

imply that the speaker wants he and she to take action immediately. Marvell

created this poem with a universal theme, a theme that urges everyone to act

upon their wishes immediately before time expires. Marvell never informs the

reader that the speaker in the poem is dying of old age or illness, but he [the

speaker] is growing impatient because he believes that death may just sneak up

unexpectedly. By ignoring the reasons for death and stressing the reasons to

take action, the reader should receive the message and take action, because time

could just stop ticking (according to Andrew Marvell).

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