To His Coy Mistress


To His Coy Mistress Essay, Research Paper

Andrew Marvell writes an elaborate poem that not only speaks to his coy mistress but also to the reader. He suggests to his coy mistress that time is inevitably ticking and that he (the speaker) wishes for her to act upon his wish and have a sexual relationship. Marvell simultaneously suggest to the reader that he/she must act upon their desires, to hesitate no longer and 連eize the moment?before time expires. Marvell uses a dramatic sense of imagery and exaggeration in order to relay his message to the reader and to his coy mistress. The very first two lines of the poem suggest that it would be fine for him and his mistress to have a slow and absorbing relationship but there simply isn靖 enough time. He uses exaggerations such as 蚯ove you ten years before the Flood?and 莧n hundred years should go to praise? 袍wo hundred to adore each breast; But thirty thousand to the rest.? These exaggerations imply that the speaker would wait many many years until his coy mistress was ready, but there isn靖 enough time. The reader can also visualize the deep love the speaker contains for his coy mistress through the imagery. For example, the speaker suggests that his vegetable love should grow, and vegetables only get larger and more ripe as they grow, analogous to his love, but vegetables grow very slow. His love is so great that it would grow 逐aster than empires, and more slow? meaning that if there was enough time, his love for her would be immense. The speaker in this poem is suggesting that his coy mistress is well worth all of these praises, but considering the situation with such little time, there is no period for such high praise. The speaker in this poem seems frustrated; he delicately tries to inform his coy mistress that their death is near, and they still have not had sexual intercourse. In lines 17-33 the poem seems to lose the exaggeration sense and suddenly becomes serious. He (the speaker) reinsures his coy mistress that 造ou deserve this state?(state of praise and high acknowledgment), 處ut at my back I always hear, Time零 winged chariot hurrying near? Andrew Marvell uses and interesting image in line 22 (the line mentioned above) when suggesting to his coy mistress that death is near. He substitutes the word 責eath?for a more gentle, delicate term of 袍ime零 winged chariot? This term was probably used to prevent from frightening such a coy mistress. Marvell continues to involve the reader零 imagination through unimaginable images. What do 蛇eserts of vast eternity?look like? In fact, Marvell probably used such abstract images to suggest to his coy mistress that their future is indeterminable, and 袍hy beauty shall no more be found? Perhaps, beauty is what the coy mistress is so concerned with and the speaker in this case is trying to frighten her to have sex with him quicker. He continues to use intense imagery when describing to his coy mistress that even after death the 逕orms shall try That long preserved virginity? The speaker now abstractly describes that holding on to your virginity for life is no good, because her body will be raped of worms and her virtue will turn to dust after death. The last stanza strongly urges for him and his coy mistress to act now and 蚯et us roll all our strength and all Our sweetness up into one ball? Through the imagery in this stanza he [the speaker] seems irritated by the pressures of time, and the stubbornness of his coy mistress. Marvell uses action words and images to portray the speaker零 short patience such as 赧nstant fires? 豚irds of prey? 袍ime devour? 莧nd tear our pleasures with rough strife? 軛ake him run? These images create an instant picture in the reader零 mind that depict the speakers anxiety. Also, in lines 33, 37, and 38 Marvell uses the word 術ow?to imply that the speaker wants he and she to take action immediately. Marvell created this poem with a universal theme, a theme that urges everyone to act upon their wishes immediately before time expires. Marvell never informs the reader that the speaker in the poem is dying of old age or illness, but he [the speaker] is growing impatient because he believes that death may just sneak up unexpectedly. By ignoring the reasons for death and stressing the reasons to take action, the reader should receive the message and take action, because time could just stop ticking (according to Andrew Marvell).

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