political views of the State are similar, Plato’s view is more rational than Socrates and
Aristotle’s in the sense that he created an ideal State. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were
Aristotle who said “He who is unable to live in society or who has no need because he is
sufficient for himself, must either be a beast or a god” (Stumph, 103). These two views
indicate the importance of a State to an individual according to Plato and Aristotle. All
three philosophers believed that man would be much happier if he was part of a State
rather than on his own. Socrates once stated “We are all more productive if we specialize
in one thing rather than try to excel at many things” (Stumph, 40). Within the State
Socrates believed that there would be a division of labour for the provision of food,
themselves with these necessities. As Socrates stated above within the State you would
specialize in one thing only, while a different individual would specialize in something
assumes that we are all born with physical and intellectual equipment that makes us
to specialize in something that they are physically and intellectually suited for according
to Plato. These three philosophers believed that if man could be more productive by
specializing in something that they are suited for they would be happier. Aristotle made
the point that “Every community is established with the view to some good; and that
mankind always act in order to obtain that which they think good” (Copleston, 351).
Socrates, Plato and Aristotle all believed that man needs to be part of a State in order to
live a truly good life. For Plato, who concerned himself with the truly good life for man,
it was imperative to determine the true function of the State. He believed that the State
was crucial in order for man to live a good life. Plato wrote that “a proper government
223). Meeting the needs of the people was very important within the State, and to help
and the State would be similar to the relationship between parents and their children.
be considered in the decision making. Aristotle viewed the State as “The agency for
enabling people to achieve their ultimate goals as human beings” (Stumph, 103). He
thought that within the State you were free and able to obtain your needs or ‘goals’ in life.
intellectual fulfillment” (Stumph, 105). Socrates also believed in man’s true happiness,
happy, such as alcohol. He believed that the State was where man would be truly happy.
Although Socrates, Plato and Aristotle had similar views on the State, Plato’s view is
more rational. “Plato’s political theory is developed in close connection with his ethics”
(Copleston, 223). He believed strongly in the wants of man, “The State does not exist
Man,’ but for happiness, to develop them in the good life” (Copleston, 226). In Plato’s
the way that they portrayed immoral characters. Therefore if he was going to have poets
poetry would only be allowed under strict supervision of the State authorities” (Rice, 39).
Also in Plato’s Republic “Women are to be trained as men: in the ideal State they will not
military discipline just like men” (Copleston, 229). These regulations and theories were
part of Plato’s ideal State. By creating an ideal State Plato was expressing the only way
the State would be run and remain successful according to his point of view. Aristotle,
who believed that the State was substantial, did not create a blueprint of the ideal State
like Plato did. Plato who thought out an ideal State and created rules and regulations was
more rational in his political views than Socrates and Aristotle. Even though all three
philosophers were similar in their political beliefs about man not being self-sufficient and
that man would be most happy in a State. Plato’s ideal State made his political view
Aristotle who did not create a blueprint for an ideal State.