Italian Republic, is an independent nation in southern Europe. The word
“Italy” comes from the ancient Oscan language and means “Calf”. Italy is a
fairly small, important mediteranean country of about 116,328 square miles.
the countries over all population estimated at 57,904,628 people, at a density
of 498 people per square mile. 72% of these people living in urban areas,
while 28% of the population resides in rural areas. Some of Italy’s major
imports include industrial raw materials, petroleum, meat, and cereal grains.
The principal exports are manufactured goods and craft items, along with
fruits and vegetables. Italy usually suffers a trade deficit, but the difference
locked, with 9 major ports including Genoa, Trieste, Taranto, Venice,
Savona, and Naples. Italy has been historically important since Roman times,
treasures. Modern Italy is an important industrial nation and a leading
principal trading partners are other members of the EC, especially Germany
then a republic, then a monarchy. It was reverted back to a republic for a
the cabinet, and legislative powers are vested in a parliament consisting of a
630-member chamber of deputies and a 315-member senate. Except for a
prominent citizens nominated by the president), both houses are elected
directly by universal adult suffrage for 5-year terms unless dismissed earlier.
year term by a joint session of Parliament and three delegates from each of
the regional legislatures. Executive power rests with the council of ministers
headed by the prime minister appointed by the president. The principal
participated in every government since 1945. Other major parties are the
Democratic Party of the Left (the former Communist party) and the Socialist
Republicans, the Greens, the Liberals, and the neo-Fascist Italian Social