The quote “material without being real” shows the
emptiness of an existence with the realization of a
winning Daisy and her materialistic insubstantiality, was
state if Gatsby is or is not waiting for the phone call
from Daisy. If Gatsby has realized that Daisy will not
call, then he has undergone the self-recognition of the
tragic hero. If he is waiting for the phone call, then he
is still holding on to his idealized goal. While this
shows that he is holding onto the part of his life:
Daisy’s personality, it also illustrates the futility of
reaching for a corrupted goal.
is strictly materialistic. Such individuals view the
purpose of education not as serving to perfect of one’s
intellect, but to secure a job. Every day they perform
the same dull and tedious routine, their only goal being
the receipt of a paycheck which they will redeem
their life is added new meaning through the reaching for a
goal. It is this reaching, the gaining of enjoyable and
that diminishes the monotony of their daily existence.
Whereas the straight materialists will eventually spend
their “dream,” the experience that a “reacher” gains
cannot be taken away.