from the Utopian perspective of the way things should be done. Some of these
differences include the way they protect themselves from other nations, their
marriages. In all of these areas Utopians differ greatly from the norm of
westerns take for granted. In the book Utopia, More uses irony to demonstrate
some of the positive and negative aspects of western society.
training of armies, the Utopians have a much different system of nation
battling for them. It is a very strange policy to adopt, and history has shown
silver which they possess in vast amounts is available, they have nothing to
mercenary will fight as hard as a man who is protection his homeland. Any
person would agree that paying someone else to go to war for them would be
great, but this is not the way life works, and More is making this observation
in his book.
Another area where the people of Utopia differ greatly form the way of
ideas of property ownership are unheard of to the people of Utopia. All of the
land is owned jointly, and the entire community works the land in shifts. This
prevents any man from having more than his neighbor which supposedly eliminates
can be no elimination of the innate competition between people or the human
the people of the western world. More?s description of their methods shows them
to be perfect, but the underlying suggestion is that they are far from perfect,
and that there is no possible way a system like this could prosper.
Another major difference between the European world and the Utopians is
the system of relationships, and marriage. There is what seems to be a very
sex, and the idea of love is not even a factor.
?They suppose few people would join in marital love-with comfinment to a
single partner and all the petty annoyances that married life involves-unless
they were strictly restrained from promiscuity.?(452)
This quote implies that the members of this society would most likely have no
right marriages would not exist. This is a very cynical view of relationships,
and much different from that of the western world. There are no strict
punishments for adulterers in this society, as in Utopia and people are free to
telling them how to live, and this is the very point that More is making in
this book. The most significant difference that More presents in the
money. They pay their mercenaries with the gold and silver which they have
metals among the citizens the nation. They are living in a communal fashion.
They produce an excess of goods in order to trade with their neighbors, and the
citizens share all of the necessities of life in order to survive. Of course
this completely opposite to the western system of capitalism which allows
people to work for what they have and also allows them to fulfill that natural
this entire system, and this is evident in his closing statements. He states:
I was left thinking that quite a few laws and customs he had described as
existing among Utopians were really absurd. These included their methods of
waging war, their religious practices, as well as others of their customs; but
my chief objection was the basis of their whole system, that is trier communal
living and their moneyless economy. This one thing alone takes away all of the
This shows that even though this entire concept comes from More’s imagination,
he still sees its ultimate flaws and that it is not a utopia at all, but rather
justification for the continuation of the present system flawed as it may be.