would not have palyed.
College (”Robinson, Jackie”). He went on to University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) (1).
after entering the Army Jackie was discharged because of a confrentation with another officer when
he would not give up his seat on a military bus (1). He was discharged as a first Lieutenant (1).
After leaving the Army Jackie wanted to play baseball, his favorite sport. He tried out for many
scouts to look at Jackie and other players in the Negro leagues that stood out above the rest fo their
baseball talent (Hill 1). Rickey made the excuse to the scouts that he wanted to put together an all
black baseball team called the “Brown Dodgers” (2). He was really looking for the right black
player that would break the color barrier in professional baseball (1). Rickey looked at all his
options and he chose Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs (1). He chose Jackie because
of his skills in baseball and his courage (1).
Branch and Jackie met on August 28, 1945 to discuss his signing to the LA Dodgers (1). The
meeting was very important because rickey wanted to make sure Robinson would not retaliate
against the racist comments that he will be facing if he was moved up to the LA Dodgers (2).
Rickey sent Robinson to the semi-professional team the Dodgers had, the Montreal Royals
(”Robinson, Jackie”). While Robinson was with the Royals, he was he was an athletic standout with
a lot of talent for playing professional baseball (Hill 1). He enjoyed playing on the Montreal Royals
(”Robinson, Jackie”). He led the Royals to the minor league championship (Rydell 86).
The next season Robinson got moved up to the Los Angeles Dodgers professional team late in
to react to the new player in the league (86). On April 15, 1947 Jackie became the first black
caused national outrage between coaches, teams, and fans (87). His new teammates signed a
petition to get him off the team just because he was black (Ward, Burns 283). The general
managers and head coaches of the Dodgers including Branch Rickey and Pee Wee Reese kept him
on the team and encouraged him to stay and ignore the racial slurs and name calling (Ward, Burns
283). Other teams tried to boycott, but it did not work (Rydell 86). Robinsons first games were the
Robinson went to with the team would not serve him because blacks were not allowed (”Robinson,
Jackie”). Even though he would not get served at restaurants and hotels, he always kept his
composier and never lost his temper (Ward, Burns 283). Robinson was always called names but he
just ignored them and took a non-violent approach to the situation (”Robinson, Jackie).
fans by not fighting back (Rydell 86). Not only was Robinson the only black player in the major
leagues, but he was also one of the best. Stadiums filled with record numbers of fans came to watch
him play baseball (Hill 2). By the end of his first year, he was a major league superstar (1).
Robinson led the majors in stolen bases and was second in scored runs (1). He was voted Rookie
of the Year for the 1948 season (2).
only wanted him because he was black and not how well he could play baseball (Rydell 87). He
proved his critics wrong the very first game he played with the LA Dodgers(87). He had four hits,
including one homerun and two stolen bases (87). After his spectacular first game Robinson started
getting death threats, but ignored them and he kept on playing (Hill 1).
After leading a successful career in baseball Robinson retired from the game in 1957 (Ward, Burns
289). The LA Dodgers also retired his number (Ward, Burns 289). He opened a chain of
become successful like he did (Hill 2). He first joined the National Association for the Advancement
went to many gatherings around the Birmingham area to speak out against racism (Enders 1). The
Robinson and King were going from church to church speaking they learned that an NAACP officer
them the protection and later on August 28, 1963 Robinson took his family to see Martin Luther
Kings famous “I have a dream” speech (3).
Rockefeller asked Robinson if he wanted to be one of his campaign directors (3). He worked on
was getting angry with the NAACP and he resigned because he thought they were not radical
enough to take charge of the movement (3).
While Robinson was still very frustrated and not satisfied with the way things were going, he got a
the close friends he had and family members had died including, John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther
King and Malcom X who were all assassinated. Also his mother Mallie, Branch Rickey, and his son
Jackie Junior who died in a car accident at the age of 24 (Hill 2). Near the end his life, Robinson
later at the age of 53 (2).
never got to see the integration of black people in the United States, his efforts helped a lot of
strength to other black athletes to persue their dreams.
Thesis Statement Jackie Robinson was one of the best players that professional baseball has ever
seen and greatly helped major league baseball accept African American players that otherwise
would not have played.
Excelled in four sports
III. Baseball A.Semi Pros 1. Monarchs 2. Royals B. Pros 1. LA Dodgers 2. Retirement
IV.Civil Rights A. Civil Movement 1. Martin Luther King 2. Birmingham, Alabama B. NAACP 1.
On board of directors 2. Resigned
assassinated 2. Family members ————————————————–