were established. So read on to find out some new things.
Roanoke was the last of Sir Walter Raliegh’s attempt to establish a colony.
Although, the idea did come up again in 1606. In 1607 105 London
horrible for the colonists, with only thirty-two colonists living through the
the colony New Netherland. New Amsterdam was the main settlement of the New
Netherland. In 1626 the Dutch West India Company bought Manhattan from the
manhates people. To increase the number of settlers the company sent over
so in 1664 the English sent a fleet to attack New Amsterdam During that time
Peter Stuyvesant ruled the colony as governor. When the English ships came to
attack, the governor was not ready for war and surrendered the colony. King
Charles II gave the colony to his brother Duke of York. Who then renamed it to
In the early 1600s Protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church were
called Puritans. Those who didn’t want to reform the Anglican Church and wanted
persecuted in England and so some went to the Netherlands. Though they were safe
return they would give them a bit of their profit they make. In September of
1620 one hundred and thirty-two passengers boarded the Mayflower. The passengers
had planed to settle in the Virginia colony. Since the winter was coming, the
first land they saw was Cape Cod, so the colonists agreed upon to drop an anchor
in the Cape Cod Bay. They went ashore at a place called Plymouth. William
Bradford was their leader, and he said "all things stared upon them with a
weather beaten face". The Plymouth was outdoor the area of Virginia Company
the Mayflower Compact.
safe place for his fellow Catholics, who were being persecuted in England. He
wanted the colony to bring him fortune too. Calvert’s Fantasy came true in 1632.
King Charles’ I gave him a colony north of Virginia. Sadly though, Sir George
Calvert died before his dream was granted. So his son Cecilius Calvert took
charge of the colony. Then it was named after Henrietta Maria, the English
Queen, they called it Maryland. The young Calvert never lived in Maryland
though, but he did send two of his brothers to run the colony. Since tobacco
saved Virginia, Maryland colonists went straight to tobacco farming. They also
planted crops to feed their families and workers. In 1728 Baltimore was founded.
Soon after that Baltimore became Maryland’s biggest settlement.
practice they wanted. William also believed that it was wrong for settlers to
hurry, so they wouldn’t send him back to England. William bought land on
Narragansett Bay, where he later providence. In 1644 he got a charter for a
colony East of Connecticut called Rhode Island. It soon became a secure place
faiths could worship freely.
Other people followed Roger Williams, making colonies where they could
people from Massachusetts to the north. There they founded a town of Exeter in
New Hampshire turned completely independent of Massachusetts in 1679.
South of Massachusetts was the fertile Connecticut River Valley, where it was
a lot better for farming compared to the rocky soil around Boston. In the 1630s
becoming disappointed with Massachusetts. He wasn’t happy with the way Winthrop
and the other Puritans ran the colony. He also heard about the excellent
farmland. In 1636 Tomas Hooker accompany his group to Connecticut, where he
founded the city Hartford. Three years after that Hartford, Windsor, and
Wethersfield agreed to form a colony. They made the Fundamental Orders of
In 1631 the first settlement was attempted in Delaware by Dutch traders. In
1638 Peter Minuet led a group of Swedish settlers to the Delaware River. The
Dutch. In 1682 Delaware was given to William Penn but his control didn’t last.
In 1701 Delaware became independent.
At first it was just called Carolina which means "Charles land’ in
thought they would make a profit be selling and renting land to settlers. The
settlers began coming in 1670. In 1680 they founded a city called Charleston.
go according to plan. The people of northern and southern Carolina went their
Penn wanted land in America. The king was pleased to get rid of his debt, gave
Penn a tract of land stretching inland from Delaware River. The new colony name
Pennsylvania was as huge as England. To encourage settlers to come to
Pennsylvania William Penn advertised pamphlets in several languages. In 1681 it
became a royal colony.
The Duke of York gave the southern part of his colony to Sir Lord Berkeley
and Sir George Carteret. They named it New Jersey after the island of Jersey,
where Carteret was born. They had hoped to make some money from New Jersey, by
charging the settlers rent. So to interest settlers, they advanced big tracts of
land and beneficent terms. They also promised freedom of religion,
in some ways, and they both were places of ethic and religious variety. Since
New Jersey had no harbors, it didn’t form a major port or city like New York.
Sir Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret didn’t make the money they thought
they would make from rents. So then Berkeley sold his share of West Jersey in
1674. Carteret’s share was auctioned in 1680. Then in 1702 New Jersey was then
ruled by a king, becoming a royal colony.
In 1733Georgia was founded. Georgia was one of the last British colonies in
America to be established. A group led by General James Oglethorpe, got a
charter to make a colony where English debtors and poor people could make a
protect the other British colonies from the Spanish attack.
So in conclusion I hoped you learned a few new things about how the colonies