that each person’s ability, dignity, freedom and responsibility must be honored and recognized” How do the
selection to follow, I will examine the Republican’s main philosophies and will describe how Rousseau would agree
The Role of the Government
people over government, rather than the other way around”.
Rousseau. The Republican notion has been that less government is better. Rousseau’s notion was that of extrication.
and the goods of each associate with all the common force, and by means of which each one uniting with all,
nevertheless obeys only himself and remains as free as before” (Cahn, 367). The Republicans would agree with
be the basis for the role of government. The Tenth Amendment states:
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to
the States respectively, or to its people.
Republicans, while holding the majority in both the House and Senate have taken it upon themselves to apply all
Right, Rousseau states, “Indeed, each individual may, as a man, have a particular will contrary to, or divergent from,
plan to streamline the government and make it more effective by !
lesser number should be governed” (Cahn, 448). Republicans would tend to lean towards the fact that people in the
United States need to have more say in how the government is ran.
Signs of a Good Government. Rousseau says that there is no way to find out the best Government, because there are
Government is working. “All other things being equal, the Government under which, without naturalizations,
for that of first occupant. “The right of the first occupant, altough more real than that of strongest, becomes a true
right only after the establishment of property [ownership]” (Cahn, 428). Rousseau goes on to explain that the right of
the individual over his/her property is subordinate to the right which the community has over it. The Republicans
oppose the view of Rousseau. They consider private property rights to be the cornerstone in America. They plan to
right to all that is necessary to him” (Cahn, 428). He agrees that the seizure of land without compensation is in itself,
not in the best interest of the government. In conclusion, the r!
ight of property to Rousseau was not as important as it is to the Republican Party.
Freedom of the Individual
discuss the view of the freedom of individuals.
saying, “force made the first slaves?” (Cahn, 421). What Rousseau is arguing is man has no right to bind his fellow
man. He says that a man giving up his freedom, to him was an absurd idea. He also states that a person is not in their
closes his argument on slavery by stating the following:
Thus, in whatever way we view things, the right of slavery is null, not only because it is illegitimate, but [also]
because it is absurd and meaningless. These words, slavery and right, are contradictory; they are mutually exclusive.
a convention with you wholly at your expense and wholly for my profit, which I shall observe as long as I please
and which you also shall observe as long as you please (Cahn, 424).
The philosophy of the Republican Party has been to renounce the act of slavery. They have fought for the freedom
people make the social contract possible. According to him, it is possible not to just act in self-interest, but for the
interest of people of the state. Rousseau goes on to state that you gain civil liberty in a social contract. He agrees
believe, like Rousseau that the will of the majority should take precedence. In regards to justice, the Republican
Party states the following:
the 50 states has been eroded. The notion of judicial review has in some cases come to resemble judicial supremacy,
affecting all segments of the public and private endeavor.
In closing, Rousseau envisioned several different forms of government. They were based on certain principles that
would make each one run effectively. The criteria of size and population mattered just as importantly as anything
else that has been discussed. He would probably think that the United States was not best ran in a democratic
believes that the form of government is not the problem, but how that government has been ran ineffectively. They
continue by stating that their philosophy has been to let government, by which its people are free, run without
intervention of it’s representatives. Those people, who represent, should follow the laws that are made for the
protection of citizens.