equal to that of the United States, prior to the purchase. Except for the Mississippi River
also claimed West Florida between the Mississippi and Perdido rivers as part of the
Orleans and the entire Mississippi system were secured for American shippers, and the
country was free to expand toward the Pacific Ocean. The price wa $15,000,000 for an
area of 828,000 square miles (2,145,000 km) – less than 3 cents an acre.
was alert to the dangers of a powerful nation controlling the mouth of the Mississippi. He
buy New Orleans and some territory east of the city. A treaty would have to satisfy the
financial claims that some United States citizens had against the French government.
Finally the French continued to claim that the province still belonged to Spain. Jefferson
than $10,000,000. Napoleon offered Livingston and Monroe the entire province of
Louisiana in a treaty dated April 30, 1803. The American negotiators agreed to pay
$11,250,000 to France and $3,750,000 for the French debts to United States citizens.
precedent for later treaties that added to United States territory. The US Senator
area officially became United States territory on December 20, 1803. However it was 16
years before the exact boundaries were established, by the Adams-On?s Treaty with