The attack of Iraqi military forces to a small Arab state called Kuwait
two phase: The Air War and the Ground War . The aim of the air war was
to destroy the stratecigally important places and the ground war was for
reinforcement of the air war.
invasion of Kuwait by the Iraqi Military Forces; these reasons were:
making increasingly belligerent threats against Kuwait and The United
production and thereby severely depressing world oil prices and costing
Iraq billions of dollars in annual revenue.
In protecting the Saudis from invasion and removing the Iraqis from
Iraqis was to restore Kuwait’s government and to defend Saudi Arabia.
was no underlying reason, such as to receive better prices on oil or to
make the Kuwaitis indebted to the US so as to receive favors. Throughout
the war, the US made clear their purpose and intent in fighting the
United Nations resolution 678, section two of which “Authorizes Member
States co-operating with the Government of Kuwait, unless Iraq on or
15 January 1991 fully implements, as set forth in paragraph 1 above, the
foregoing resolutions, to use all necessary means to uphold and
resolution 660 (1990) and all subsequent relevant resolutions and to
the resolution was as good as a declaration of war, as far as legitimate
authority is concerned, and is in some ways better. The adoption of the
This limited the ability of our military to completely destroy Iraq’s
military or to drive Hussein from power. Our authority to remove Iraq
Kuwait was clearly legitimate.
The Gulf War was fought with proportionality clearly in the leadership’s
stop. He had no intention of carrying the war further. Although Bush
have dearly liked to have marched US troops toward Baghdad to destroy
Hussein’s government, he did not, because of the risk of heavy
and because it went against the proportionality idea.
The leaders who picked targets for our forces never targeted civilians.
Civilians were killed, for sure, but they were not deliberately
Non-combatant immunity is an important part of every war the US has been
engaged in. The Iraqis definitely targeted civilians, as was quite
by their SCUD attacks on Israel and Saudi Arabia. Many civilians and
military personnel were killed by SCUDs during the course of the war. Civilians are not responsible for harm done to one’s country, and therefore deserve immunity. Upon entering the conflict, The US obviously had a reasonable hope of success. The Iraqis had several hundred thousand poorly trained, poorly equipped, and poorly led troops, while the Allied forces numbered about 800,000. The allied troops were better trained, equipped, and led than the Iraqis. They were also more loyal, although that was not discovered until the ground war began and Iraqi troops began to desert, tens of thousands at a time. The US would not have entered into this conflict if they had not clearly known that they would win.
Sanctions were placed against Iraq almost immediately, and were in place and doing nothing for six months before President Bush realized that they had to turn to their last resort, the use of force, to get the Iraqis out of Kuwait. All diplomatic means had failed, from the initial meeting between US ambassador April Glaspie and Saddam Hussein to the implementation of sanctions. The use of force was clearly our last resort. Epilogue-Who Won The War The Persian Gulf War, in military terms, was won by the United States and her allies. The Iraqis were forced out of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia was protected, and the US casualties were only in the hundreds. However, politically, the war may have resulted in a draw. Saddam Hussein is still in control of Iraq, and Bush is no longer in office. Kuwait is once again a free country, but Hussein is still right next door to threaten them
again.Although it would have gone against St. Agustin’s Just War Theory, it
would have been intelligent to have marched on Baghdad and forced Hussein out
of power. The real victory, however, goes to all the troops who gave their