The Federal Bureau Of Investigation


The Federal Bureau Of Investigation Essay, Research Paper

The Federal Bureau of Investigation

To uphold the law through the investigation of violations of

federal criminal law; to protect the U.S. from foreign intelligence

and terrorist activities; to provide leadership and law enforcement

assistance to federal, state, local, and international agencies; and

to perform these responsibilities in a manner that is responsive to

the needs of the public and is faithful to the constitution of the

U.S.: this is the mission of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

The agency now known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation was founded

in 1908 when the Attorney General appointed an unnamed force of Special Agents

to be the investigative force of the Department of Justice (DOJ). Before that

time, the DOJ had to borrow Agents from the U.S. Secret Service to investigate

violations of federal criminal laws within it’s jurisdiction. In 1909, the

Special Agent Force was renamed the Bureau of Investigation, and after a series

of name changes, it received it’s present official name in 1935. During the

early period of the FBI’s history, it’s agents investigated violations of

mainly bankruptcy frauds, antitrust crime, and neutrality violation. During

World War One, the Bureau was given the responsibility of investigating

espionage, sabotage, sedition (resistance against lawful authority), and draft

violations. The passage of the National Motor Vehicle Theft Act in 1919 further

broadened the Bureau’s jurisdiction.

After the passage of Prohibition in 1920, the gangster era began,

bringing about a whole new type of crime. Criminals engaged in kidnapping and

bank robbery, which were not federal crimes at that time. This changed in 1932

with the passage of a federal kidnapping statute. In 1934, many other federal

criminal statutes were passed, and Congress gave Special Agents the authority to

make arrests and to carry firearms.

The FBI’s size and jurisdiction during the second World War increased

greatly and included intelligence matters in South America. With the end of

that war, and the arrival of the Atomic Age, the FBI began conducting background

security investigations for the White House and other government agencies, as

well as probes into internal security matters for the executive branch of the


In the 1960’s, civil rights and organized crime became major concerns of

the FBI, and counterterrorism, drugs, financial crime, and violent crimes in the

1970’s. These are still the major concerns of the FBI, only now it is to a

greater extent..

With all of this responsibility, it is logical to say that the FBI is a

field-oriented organization. They have nine divisions and four offices at FBI

Headquarters in Washington, D.C. These divisions and offices provide direction

and support services to 56 field offices and approximately 10,100 Special Agents

and 13,700 other employees. Each FBI field office is overseen by a Special

Agent in Charge, except for those located in New York City and Washington, D.C.

Due to their large size, those offices are each managed by an Assistant Director

in Charge.

FBI field offices conduct their official business both directly from

their headquarters and through approximately 400 satellite offices, known as

resident agencies. The FBI also operates specialized field installations: two

Regional Computer Support Centers; one in Pocatello, Idaho, and one in Fort

Monmouth, New Jersey — and two Information technology Centers (ITC’s); one at

Butte, Montana, and one at Savannah, Georgia. The ITC’s provide information

services to support field investigative and administrative operations.

Because they do have so much responsibility, their investigative

authority is the broadest of all federal law enforcement agencies. The FBI also

stresses long term, complex investigation, emphasize close relations and

information sharing with other federal, state, local, and foreign law

enforcement and intelligence agencies. A significant number of FBI

investigations are conducted with other law enforcement agencies or as part of

joint task forces.

As part of this process, the FBI has divided it’s investigations into

the following programs:

? Applicant Program

? Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission


? Department of justice Candidates

? FBI Special Agents and Support Applicants

? and others

? Civil Rights Program

? Civil Rights Act of 1964

? Discrimination in Housing

? Equal Credit Opportunity Act

? Counterterrorism Program

? Hostage taking

? Sabotage

? Attempted of Actual Bombings

? and others

? Financial Crime Program

? Bank Fraud and Embezzlement

? Environmental Crimes

? Fraud Against the Government

? and others

? Foreign Counterintelligence Programs

? Espionage

? Foreign Counterintelligence Matters

? Organized Crime/Drug Program

? Drug Matters

? Money Laundering

? Organized Crime/Drug Enforcement Task Force Matters

? and others

? Violent Crimes and Major Offenders Program

? Theft of Government Property

? Crime Aboard Aircraft

? Kidnapping – Extortion

? and others

These programs cover most everything that the FBI investigates, and some

individual cases in a program often receives extensive investigative attention

because of their size, potential impact, or sensitivity.

Because FBI Special Agents are responsible for handling so many

different things, they have to go through rigorous training in the following

areas: Academics, Firearms, Physical Training/Defense Tactics, and Practical

Exercises. Within these four major areas are components like interviewing

techniques, communications, computer skills, and drug investigations.

Altogether there are 15 components in the four areas I listed previously. They

receive all of this training at the FBI academy in Quantico, Virginia and must

complete 645 hours (15 weeks) of instruction before they graduate.

The training in the academy is difficult, but those who have made it

there have already passed the first test. To qualify for training as an FBI

Agent, you must be:

1. a U.S. citizen

2. between the ages of 23 and 37 when entering on duty;

3. hold a bachelor’s degree obtained in an accredited four-year

resident program at a college or

university; and

4. have three years full-time work experience, or fluency in a language

for which the Bureau has a need for.

After graduation from the FBI Academy, a new Special Agent is assigned

to an FBI field office. This assignment is determined by the individual’s

special skills and the needs of the bureau. As part of their duties, Special

Agents are required to relocate during their careers. Special Agents enter

service in Grade GS 10 on the federal government’s General Schedule pay scale

and can advance to Grade 13 in field assignment.

In our society today, one of the most important things to us is our

safety. Organizations like the FBI help protect us and investigate crimes to

help prevent future ones. Their motto is Fidelity, Bravery, and Integrity, and

I think that each one of those words is justified when it comes to describing

the Federal Bureau of Investigation. When the duties of the FBI are stated in

the mission it says to perform these duties in a manner that is responsive to

the needs of the public and is faithful to the Constitution of the United States.

I believe that they do this to the utmost.

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