The Emancipation Proclamation
designated part of a State… then… in rebellion,… shall be then,
thenceforward, and forever free.” The states affected were enumerated in the
by Union armies. Lincoln’s issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation marked a
radical change in his policy.
the flight to Union lines of large numbers of slaves who volunteered to fight
strict application of established policy would have required return of fugitive
slaves to their masters.
Abolitionists had long been urging Lincoln to free all slaves, and
public opinion suported that view. Lincoln moved slowly and cautiously nonethe
April 10, on Lincoln’s initiative, congress declared the federal government
would compenste slave owners who freed their slaves. All slaves in the District
Congress enacted a measure prohibiting slavery in United States territories,
Congress was powerless to regulate slavery in the territories.
Finaly, after the union victory in the battle of antietam, Lincoln
issued a preliminary proclamation on September 22, declaring his intention of
promulgating another proclamathion in 100 days, freeing the slaves in the states
deemed in rebellion at that time. On January 1, 1863 he issued the Emancipation
of the 13th ammendment to the U.S. Constitution in effect in 1865, slavery was
The results of the Emancipation Proclamation were far-reahcing. From
then on, sympathy with the Confederacy was identified with support of slavery.
As further result of the proclamation, the Republican party became
unified in principle and i