The most critical and obvious feature of international affairs is its
over these actors it would seem that the system would never be capable of
seen in history that it is possible to restrain the players. It is said to be
and will in turn discuss the following points. The use of the B.O.P. concept
system and the problems of B.O.P. analysis.
The concept of the B.O.P. can be a useful tool in explaining the behaviour
domination by any other state, which leads to the assumption that they must
build up power and form alliances. Throughout history we can see the B.O.P.
concept in action. The clearest example of the B.O.P. concept can be found in
held a stable world balance between them. Both states sought to deter
domination by the other through a build up of arms and through the creation of
strong alliance systems. Under the B.O.P. theory the logic of the Cold War
stratagies and alliances seems apparent, with the best method of security being
In an ideal system of B.O.P. all states would 1. act in relatively the
states. States can vary in their types of regimes and in their level of
internal stability. States goals vary depending on these factors and hence all
states will not make similar decisions as the B.O.P. theory would suggest. In
assuming that states make decision as individual, rational actors the theory
neglects the fact that though most states are run by an autonomous executive
there are also many other complex bodies involved in a states decision making.
When we veiw the individual members of these decision-making bodies we see many
different motives, hence when a decision is made it may not be the unitary
rational response that the B.O.P. theory suggests. From this we can see that
states are not run as individuals and so cannot be expected to make decisions
The major flaws of the B.O.P. theory appear to all converge at one point:
the theory itself is oversimplified. It is difficult to suggest alterations to
the theory because its main problem is also its main goal, to give a simplified
model of international relations. It is not then suggested that the theory be
instead it is suggested that it not be used as the sole analytical tool. The
international relations which is very useful. However when studying world
affairs one needs to dig deeper to view the many variations of states.