Sir Francis Bacon
Sir Francis Bacon was born January 22, 1561. He died April 9,
Gray?s Inn to pursue a career in law. He was first elected in 1584.
an end to his political advancement, but he had the support of the Earl of
Essex, whose prosecution for treason he later managed. He was knighted in
1603 after the succession of James I. Bacon and he became solicitor-general
lord chancellor in 1618; he was also created Baron of Verulam I 1618, and
Viscount St. Albans in 1621. Bacon retained James?s favor by steadfast
defense of royal prerogative, but in 1621 he was found guilty of accepting
bribes and was removed from his office. Retiring to Gorhambury, he
devoted himself to writing and scientific work.
Philosophically, Bacon wrote marks such as the Instauratio Magna
(Great Restoration), setting forth his concepts for the restoration of
of his new approach; fifth generalization derivable from natural history; and a
Bacon completed only two parts, however, the Advancement of
Learning in 1605, later expanded as De Dignitate et Augmentis Scientiarum
(On the Dignity and Growth of Sciences, 1620); and the Novum Organum
(The New Organon, 1620), which was to replace Aristotle?s Organon.
Their culmination was an inductive philosophy of nature, in which proposed
Although Bacon was not a great scientist, he gave impetus to the
development of modern inductive science. His works were held in esteem by
sentence. Other works of Bacon?s include his essays from 1597-1625 and
discounted by most scholars.
Corporation, 1962. Volume B Pp. 18.
Ferguson Publishing Company, 1992, Pp. 491-492.