is read. From the beginning, we see that a young, hard working, man, Gregor, has turned into
of Gregor and his sister, who was on her way towards becoming like her brother.
Gregor was very important to the family’s welfare. At first he was the only working
But he said to himself, ” Besides, I have to provide for my parents and my sister. (pp.
82-83).” He felt that his family was too dependent of him. When Gregor wouldnt let anyone in his
him because he was in danger of losing his job, and because the chief would begin harassing his
up for work.
change to an insect was discovered, they realized that he was no longer of any use to the family,
and he was unappreciated in every way. He didn’t have his job and no longer had anything to offer.
was now a problem for he had no function in the family. They locked him up, imprisoning him by
not allowing him out of his room. Slowly, his possessions were removed, and for some time no one
bothered to clean his room, the cleaning of his room could not have been more hastily
done. “Streaks of dirt stretched along the walls, here and there lay balls of dust and filth.” (pp.
They couldn’t see beyond the obvious. To them he was only a bug and not Gregor. For this
reason, they simply did not show him the respect that he deserved.
metamorphosis, there was a communication problem within the family. When Gregor first speaks
to answer his mother, he didn’t recognize his own voice. Kafka explains: “Gregor had a shock as
he heard his own voice answering hers, unmistakably his own voice, it was true, but with a
persistent horrible twittering squeak behind it like an undertone, that left the words in their clear
shape only for the first moment and then rose up reverberating round them to destroy their sense,
so that one could not be sure one had heard them rightly” (p. 70). As awful as he sounded,
his mother did not recognize the difference in his voice, suggesting that they didn’t speak often.
misunderstand Gregor. They failed to realize that, even as a bug, Gregor was still there and that he
more humbly he bent his head his father only stamped on the floor the more loudly (p.
86).” His sister, whom Gregor trusted most, even tried to convince his parents that Gregor is no
longer with them. “My dear parents, she said, things cant go on like this. I wont utter my brothers
same in the presence of this creature, and so all I say is: we must try to get rid of it (p. 124).”
Gregor was not to be accepted for who he was. After some time, his family still hadn’t got used to
him. “He realized how repulsive the sight of him still was to her, and that it was bound to go on
being repulsive (p. 99).”
Gregor’s condition resulted from the abuse that he took from his family, and he was much
more wise because of it. He had gotten used to his change and actually enjoyed being a bug. ” He
especially liked hanging from the ceiling” (p. 100). And all the talk of him made him think more.
He came to the conclusion that he was better off as a bug and did not want things to go back to the
way they were. He was often haunted by the idea that the next time the door opened “he would
take the family’s affairs in hand again just as he used to do” (p. 114). He thought more logically as
a bug and was tired of everyone depending on him.
Gregor was not the only person affected in this story. His parents started to abuse his
support the family as Gregor once did. After he died, her mother and father both noticed
something at almost the same time. They saw how grown up she had become and that it was time
for her to find a husband and, in a way, marry another Gregor. He was the hindrance of the
family’s happiness, even after he died. “With the new jobs they had found, Gregor’s death was
likely to lead to better things later on (p. 132),” because they no longer deal with the problem of
keeping him and hiding him from strangers.
Each time the subject of Gregor came up, they would mention how useless he was. He
was only good when he could provide for the family and so was never really appreciated for who
harder to find him behind the mask of a giant insect in which they had created. His
sister was making a change of her own also. Early in his metamorphosis “Gregor would stretch his
legs and try to get comfortable” (p. 71). The same stretch is duplicated by his sister when she,
too, sprang to her feet and stretched her body. She would be going through a similar change. The
parents were the reason why the both of them turned out the way they did. Their total interest
towards living a comfortable life made them unable to see what was happening with Gregor.
Despite all his effort, they failed to realize that part of that insect that they had treated so cruelly
was actually their son.