Figurative Language -
Language using figures of speech, such as simile, hyperbole, metaphor, symbolism and personification to form imagery is figurative language. It is used to increase shock, novelty, appearance, or illustrative consequences.
Thou art more lovely and more temperate
Purpose- This is one of Shakespeare s many extended metaphors. He is comparing someone to a summer day, and in doing so he uses many comparisons. This example of figurative language makes a more intense effect on the reader.
Example- Yet Brutus says he was ambitious;
And Brutus is an honourable man
(Shakespeare, Julius Caesar)
Example- O, that this too too solid flesh would melt,
Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew!
Or that the Everlasting had not fixt
His canon ‘gainst self-slaughter! O God! God!
How weary, stale, flat, and unprofitable
Seem to me all the uses of this world!
Purpose- Shakespeare uses this irony to show that what happens occurs out of forces not under the control of the characters. It actually emphasizes the importance of fate.