zeal from new faith and truly miraculous demonstration of divine favour
and going in swarms.? Leone Caetani
disagrees: forces of all three groups far too small.? Agrees migration but mainly due to
economic distress in Arabia.? Henri
Lammens talks of tumultuous incursions due to superior military
organization and ?irresistible penchant for the raid? Becker?s view those migrations only after initial
in conquered domains.? Hunger and
was mainly conditioned by economic factors, by the poor living conditions
of the Bedouin in the inhospitable steppes of Arabia ? The Bedouin
emigration was mainly caused by economic factors, [but] was rendered
important, but these guys got caught up in religious enthusiasm. Causes
sees large weaknesses in tactics, weaponry, tactics etc ? downplays
advantage of knowledge of desert etc.?
Attributes much to dissatisfaction of people in Syria and Iraq ?
factors encourage people to the front, but not driving forward.? Would have stopped in Syria and Iraq and
tribesmen but elites around the prophet who led campaigns of
victors, no less than the vanquished, needed an outlet for their surplus
energies?Certainly one of the major incentives for external conquest may
have lain in this explosive internal situation?. Shaban uses trade disruption by ridda wars.? Nomadic tribesmen peninsula in such
dire straits ? greatly temped to launch raids in the Fertile
Crescent.? Accidental beginning for
individuals ? some nomadic and some sedentary from peninsula to domains in
conquest. Distinguish between causes of Islamic Conquests,
causes of its success and causes Arab migrations directly follow it. Most see reasons as part of a deterministic
its part.? Appearance of Islam
might itself have itself have been of some importance in generating the
Islamic conquests. Muhammad?s career and doctrines of Islam
and executing an expansionist movement.?
commitment as a force in human affairs Importance careful examination of social and
of Islam affects realities of Arabian life.