Infections Mononucleosis, also known as mono, is a viral infection that effects mostly adolescents and young adults. It is caused by the Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV). This virus is spread mainly by saliva, which gives it the nickname, “the kissing disease” (Daughtry; InteliHealth). Symptoms usually develop within 30-50 days of the person becoming infected with EBV (Daughtry). The first symptoms may include tiredness, fever, headaches, and loss of appetite. After about 3-5 days of developing these symptoms, more acute symptoms may occur. This include soar throat and swollen tonsils; skin rash, especially on the chest; swollen glands, like the lymph nodes; an enlarged spleen; and extreme fatigue (Daughtry; InteliHealth) Because mono is caused by a virus, antibiotics will not help. The best way to fight the infection is by rest. Also, eating smaller meals more frequently and drinking lots of fluids can also help. Taking an acetaminophen, like Tylenol, can reduce fever and help a sore throat. Sometimes, symptoms become worse rather than gradually getting better. In this case, a person may develop strep throat or a sinus infection. Also, another complication of mono, although less common, is an abscess (pocket of infection) on the tonsil. All of these infections must be treated with antibiotics (InteliHealth). Also, mono may cause the tonsils to become so large that they almost block the throat. Steroids may be prescribed to decrease the size of the tonsils. Another way to fight mono is to not drink any alcohol. The virus may inflame the liver, and drinking alcohol could further the injury. When a person has mono, their spleen becomes much bigger than normal; if hit or strained it could rupture, causing severe bleeding. To prevent this, all active sports, heavy lifting, etc. should be avoided.
These symptoms will get worse for about 2-3 weeks after they first appear. It can take several weeks for the body to overcome the virus. After that, a person s energy level may not return to normal for another few weeks (Daughtry). Even though the symptoms may be gone, a person may be contagious for months. The virus stays in the person s body forever, but relapses are seldom (InteliHealth). The best way to prevent contracting mono is by avoiding contact with someone s saliva if they have been sick. This includes kissing, sharing food and drinks, and utensils. Also maintaining good hygiene can help (InteliHealth). + I did not find any information on mortality rates.
Daughtry, Patricia. Mono (Infectious Mononucleosis). Duke University. Online. Healthy Devil On-line. Internet. 2 Dec., 1997.”Infectious Mononucleosis.” InteliHealth-Adult Health Advisor. Online. Internet. 2 Dec., 1997.