Vietnamese took fort Dien Bien Phoo in May of 1954, so then the French finally pulled out.
That set up 2 nations North Vietnam and South Vietnam split at the 17th parallel.
Ho Chi Minh was in the North and was a Communist
Ngo Dinh Diem was in South and disliked communism.
would not permit fair elections.
Viet Cong Rebellion
In 1956, Diem closed all elections, and appointed local officials. That gave him less of
support. Also he didn?t win the support of the peasants, that was a major mistake… in
the south Vietminh members who were located in South Vietnam formed their own communist
party. Diem called them the Viet Cong meaning Vietnamese Communists. North Vietnam
South Vietnam through Laos and Cambodia. They were then named the Ho Chi Minh trail. Also
about 10,000 troops and were threatening to overthrow Diem. Then the US sent
15,100(WorldBook) more US advisors in from 1961 – 1963. The Buddhist?s also had a hard time
performed massive arrests on Buddhists and raided Buddhist temples. Kennedy urged Diem to
who were against Diem formed. On Nov. 1, 1963, the generals overthrew Diem and his
brother, and Diem and Nhu were murdered. Kennedy was not for that to happen. After that,
South Vietnam. In 1964, 2 American destroyers sitting in the Gulf of Tonkin were blown up,
the boats were The Maddox and C. Turner Joy. The attacks were never proven, and probably
resolution, the US did not declare war, but sent troops over. In 1965 the first US ground
troops were sent to Vietnam. By 1969 the Americans had 543,000 men in, 800,000 south
Vietnamese and 69,000 from other countries. The Vietcong had around 300,000, but in their
techniques of Guerrilla warfare and just hit and run, that number was sufficient.
During this time, there was a very heavily fought war going on. The US bombed out Vietnam,
but still didn?t decrease the enemy?s will to fight. Also, the USSR and Red China aided
them. Whenever a ground encountement came up, the US usually won, but still didn?t change
the willingness to fight. They would put in a new round of troops to pay for their loss,
usually to prevent loss, the enemy would flee to Cambodia or Laos. At home the country was
War, and the Doves who disliked the war. The Hawks though disliked LBJ?s of the slowly
In late January(January 30, the Vietnamese new year, Tet) the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese
came up with the “Tet offensive” this plan was to bomb out the major south Vietnamese
cities. The plan did not work too well. The US and South Vietnam recovered quickly. But
as the mortality that was caused and the US citizens were watching on TV, it caused great
opposition on the war. The US started to think whether it was worth it or not. In May of
1968, LBJ stopped his proposed 207,000 more troops to come in, se up new policies, set up
talks began in Paris in May.
allowed for a greater withdrawal of troops that began in July of 1969. After the US pulled
capture large stores of arms that were in military storage for North Vietnam. The US
they ended up killing students on the other side of the campus. They killed 4 students and
wounded 9 others. This called for the dissolving of the Gulf of Tonkin resolution. The US
troops in Cambodia were to be pulled out by June 30,1970.
charged of slaughtering 100 – 200 civilians in a small town of My Lai in South Vietnam.
Calley was sentenced to 10 years. Also pointed out was the US? bombing of innocent
the government, caused the US population to distrust the government. In 1972 another
invasion of the south occurred, North Vietnam began to organize a major invasion of South
Vietnam. Nixon then responded with renewing the bombing. He also made a very strategic
move that prevented another major invasion. He set explosives in the harbor of Haiphong.
That destroyed a critical port for supplies. That helped stop the invasion. That again
Le Duc Though of North Vietnam. A cease fire agreement was signed on January 27,1963. It
was signed by the US, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and the Viet Cong. It set up that the
US would pull it out, and North Vietnam could leave 150,000 of their troops in South
Vietnam. Also supervised elections were set up in South Vietnam. March 23, 1973, was the
day that the last US ground troops left Vietnam. But another war broke out. The US did
not involve themselves again. North Vietnam and the Viet Cong invaded South Vietnam. They
easily took Phouc Long a city north east of Saigon, and they forced the South Vietnamese
people fled and died in the attacking or from starvation. They called the retreat Convoy
South Vietnam. Congress only supplied $300 million. Then on April 30,1975 the South
Vietnamese surrendered at Saigon, and renamed it to Ho Chi Minh City.
About 58,000 American men and women died in the war and about 365,000 were wounded. South
Vietnamese had topped off 1,000,000 deaths. The civilians in both the north and south were
countless. In the was the US spent over $150 billion. The bombing was the most in any
The south suffered the most, because that is where the fighting basically took place. The
amount of war refugees amounted to half of the population, 10 million. Because of the
pesticides, the south?s cropland was destroyed permanently. Effects in Southeast Asia The
communistic half of Vietnam helped to set up Laos? and Cambodia?s communistic governments.
In 1976 it was officially reunited into one nation. The Northern half imprisoned about one
set up by the north. Around one million Vietnamese have fled since the end of the war. Up
until the breakup of the USSR Vietnam relied on Russia for aid. Nowadays they rely on
Effects on the United States
The effects on the United States are of a broad range. For the most part, the Vietnam War
2,700,000 people who served in the war from America. Some American veterans, when they
it is argued that we shouldn?t have jumped into the war. They feel that it was a war that
would not have affected the US? security or vital interests in any way. But others felt it
did help in the stopping the spread of communism in South East Asia.