Toni Morrison’s Beloved (1987) was her fifth novel, and consequently the most controversial work she had ever written. Morrison was working as a senior editor at the publishing firm Random House when she was editing a nineteenth century article which was in a historical book and found the basis for this story. A direct connection between Morrison and this novel is best demonstrated by Morrison’s statement of ” I deal with five years of terror in a pathological society, living in a bedlam where nothing makes sense”. This novel is set during the mid-nineteenth century and reveals the pain and suffrage of being a slave before and after emancipation through deeply symbolic delineations of continued emotional and psychological suffrage.
Stanley Crouch stated ” For Beloved, above all else, is a blackface
holocaust novel” (38-43). He believed that by including sadistic guards,
murder, separation of family members, a big war, failed and successful
escapes, and losses of loved ones to the violence of the mad order,
lacks a true sense of the tragic” (38-43). He supported this by stating ”
it shows no sense of the timeless and unpredictable manifestations of evil
that preceded and followed American slavery” (Crouch 38-43).
However, Crouch realizes that Morrison has real talent, in that he
believes she has the ability to organize her novel in a musical structure
served no purpose other than to deliver a message. Crouch believed that
others did, but rather just to tally up the sins that were committed
presumed that this novel was designed to make sure that the view of the
According to Ann Snitow, ” she harps so on the presence of Beloved,
She believed that by sacrificing the other character’s vitality until the
very end, the novel is left hollow in the middle. However, Snitow did
state ” If Beloved fails in it’s ambitions, it is still a novel by Toni
satisfying as music and scenes so clearly etched they’re like
Dickens, in that she believes that each of them are great, serious writers.