of everyone because he is the strongest. The different social levels caused a complex society to
be more competitive, thus progressive.
A simple society, consisting of hunters and gathers, are considered less evolved, thus
weaker then those of a complex society. A simple society was said to consist of all equal
social ranks. Spencer believed a competitive society was more realistic then a cooperative
society where everyone is equal because he believed everyone was affected by greed.
term. Spencer felt race and culture were not different enough to be classified as two different
terms. Spencer believed that every race that belonged to a society is the same as the next, but
some are more evolved then others.
A simple society developed into a complex society through prospective steps. A society
can go only from simple to complex. The only time a society could go from complex to simple
was if a national disaster occurred, but he explained that the most evolved society would develop
back at a faster rate.
social evolution stated that no truly pure race existed and no race is innately superior to any
Boaz was objective. He lived within different societies around the world while collecting
survive through corporation just as well as a society can through competition. How a society
how a society struggles to survive, no society is superior, or more evolved then the next.
he was no objective. He may have not been open minded because he was not brought up in a
up among a semi multicultural society.
Herbert Spencer’s theory was very convincing, even enough for Darwin to take some of
his ideas and develop it into a biological evolution theory. Th problem was that Spencer was not
objective enough, he was not a “true” sociologist. As for Boaz, he was objective enough, since
he was a culture relativist.