of fixing beliefs, which is the main focus of his article.
Pierce first describes to his readers what believing and doubting are. He suggests that
believing is a feeling of satisfaction and serenity, while doubt is one of unrest and dissatisfaction.
As humans we tend to have one problem though; as soon as we reach a firm belief, we tend to
adhere to it wether it?s false or not, mostly because of our then satisfied state.
Here he goes into the first method of fixing beliefs: tenacity. This is a method in which
The next method discussed is that of authority. This method resembles tenacity is its
fundamental approach, but is somewhat more effective. In this method an authority figure
(government, church/religion) more or less dictates a set of beliefs which its people and/or citizens
are to follow with the threat of punishment for nonconformists. To the rational man?s eyes, this
system is always accompanied by cruelties, which in turn can become atrocities when consistantly
carried out. This method does have somewhat of a positive side though. It is evident that in every
impossible to recognize in one?s lifetime.
The third method of fixing beliefs is a priori which means agreeable to reason. Peirce says
that ?it does not mean that which agrees with experience, but that which we find ourselves
inclined to believe? is an apt expression of this method. As in the first two methods, truth is?nt the
primary concern, just the feeling of peaceful satisfaction.
The final method is that of science. Peirce calls it a method to satisfy our doubts and th
people can come to the same conclusions, therefore those conclusions must be true. And
experience of the method hasn?t cause people to doubt it, but to believe it because it settles
opinions beyond reasonable doubt. Therefore truth and true knowledge can come into existence
for all humans who chose to believe in the scientific method. But we all use this method for a
variety of every day observations, so in truth we all use this method, but not everyone believes
that they believe in it.