to its eyes as much as the past.
determinism is true, then everyone?s every thought and action must be inevitable; that no
then refute those arguments.
others who presume ?we are servants of cosmic destiny or that behavior is nothing but a
the necessary outcome of a cause or set of causes. That everything is a consequence of
external forces, and such forces produce all that happens. Man is not free. If we accept
rather than of free choice, then we must realize that our explanation of human behavior
responsible for them, and there is no need for praising or blaming them. If determinism
were true, then there would be no basis for human effort, for why should a person make
an effort if what he or she does doesn?t make a difference? If what will be will be, then
deterministic grounds. ?The nature of human life may be such that man must understand
individuals feel that their effort can make a difference.
expressions. Our life, while we are awake and active, is a mixture of important and
unimportant choices. Having free will means that we are able to act voluntarily, that we
could have decided to act differently than we did. When someone is criticized for looking
sloppy, or making an offensive remark, he may try to excuse himself with a ?I could not
help it? remark. But if he is a normal person mentally, then he could have helped it; he
essay ?The Dilemma of Determinism,? James rejects determinism on the grounds that there
is no free choice. James appealed to direct experience to provide evidence of the
sense unless there is free will. People experience regret or sorrow only because they
believe they could have done otherwise. If determinism were true, then people could
never have done otherwise and there should be no reason to feel any regret.
A determinist may argue that human behavior is caused by environment conditions,
?Freudians have shown that men do things not because of free choice but because of deep
Determinist believes that people believe they are free only because they?re ignorant of the
causes of their actions. Spinoza makes that point when he says, ?Men are deceived in
thinking themselves free, a belief that consists of the causes by which they are
determined to this or that volition by a cause, which is likewise determined by another
philosophy also claims the idea that if we accept determinism we free ourselves from
ignorance and emotional servitude. If a person has the capacity to free himself from the
bondage of ignorance and emotional impulses and come to agree with Spinoza, then this
would seem to be a very significant type of freedom. So it can be concluded that Spinoza
Human experience over the course of history does rely itself on freedom.
If determinism is true, why should people bother deliberating about what to do or
deciding and choose seriously? If determinism is true, then whatever is determined to
written before he or she was born, so there?s no sense in making an effort. Whatever will
be will be, whatever the person do or don?t do. So then why even bother getting out of