Crucible Arthur Miller


Crucible- Arthur Miller Essay, Research Paper

The Crucible-

The Crucible written by Arthur Miller is a play that takes place

in the sixteen nineties during the famous but tragic witch trials. The

entire community is in pandemonium yet certain characters are also

fighting internal conflicts of their own. Miller uses three characters

who manifest this internal battle ever so clearly. Such as Mary Warren

who whole personality turns upside down, John Proctor who contemplates

between the importance of his family and his own name and Reverend

Hale who battles with himself wether to carry out his job requirements

or do what he knows is right.

Mary Warren is a girl who is forced with this inner turmoil

throughout this play. At the outset of the play she is perceived to be

a very shy girl who will never speak her mind as shown when Proctor

sends her home and she responds with ” I’m just going home” (21). As

the play continues and as she is influenced by Abigail, Mary begins to

break this self induced mold and does what she wants. Mary Warren,

along with many other girls gets caught up in the hype of getting all

the attention and exercising power via initiating and adamantly

continuing these “witch trials”. Finally John Proctor, the

rationalist, shows that when people like Rebecca Nurse and Elizabeth

Proctor who are the saintliest of people are accused of being witches,

something must be wrong. Mary Warren has a difficult decision to make.

She has realized that her whole way of life has been based on

injustice. However, how can she extricate herself from Abigail and her

friends, not to mention her new feelings of confidence. Mary

decides to speak out against Abigail and the others for their false

accusations and said that she ” tried to kill me numerous times”(57).

Yet as she does this heroic act of overcoming her old reality, Abigail

pretends that Mary is also a witch using the poppets against her(73).

Mary is now faced with yet another grueling internal conflict: to do

what she knows is right and probably die for it, or to return to her

old ways. Mary succumbs to Abigails “hypnosis ” and accuses John

Proctor of forcing her to lie. Clearly the battle which Mary faced

from the very beginning was enormous.

John Proctor a farmer and village commoner similarly is faced

with an inner turmoil. He has committed adultery and had absolutely no

intentions of joining in the witch trials unless hi pregnant wife were

to also get involved. After his wife got involved and eventually was

set free due to the fact that she was pregnant feels that he can’t

accept this. Proctor is a good and noble man and because of this he

believes at first he can’t be hanged and die a martyr when he has this

sin blooming over him every waking moment . John later says to

Elizabeth that ” My honesty is broke, Elizabeth; I am no good man.

Nothing’s spoiled by giving them this lie that were not rotten long

before”(136) and rather confess then die for something he flat out

didn’t do. However, as John confesses, he can not allow Danforth to

make it officially documented. As Danforth asks him why John answers

with a cry ” because it is my name. Because I cannot have another in

my life . . . How may I live without my name? Have given you my soul;

leave me my name(143). John feels strongly about having a good name

and not dying with a bad one. Proctor weighs both sides of his

internal conflict and realizes that he must not make another mistake.

He therefore, prescribes himself to death, not for his own sake, but

rather for the sake of the others. As John dies Liz weeps saying ” He

have his goodness now. God forbid I take it away”(145).

Another internal conflict is evident in Reverend Hale who

initiates these problems. At first Reverend Hale is sure about his

belief that there are witches and feels that he is carrying out the

desires of G-D himself. Yet as the play moves on and Hale sees all

these honest and good people being sentenced and executed he too sees

an inner conflict. He contemplates whether to do what he is sent to

do, listen to Danforth, or does he listen to his own conscience and

denounce these proceedings as unjust and wrong. Hale decides to help

out all the people wrongly accused by encouraging them to confess and

save themselves from these false proceedings. Hale attempting to

repent his own sins by tying to make people confess states” I come to

do the devils work. I come to counsel Christians they should belie

themselves . . . can you not see the blood on mt head(131). Hale

overcomes his turmoil by following the truth he knew in his heart of

hearts. Yet he is counseling people to ” prevail upon your husband and

confess ” and says ” God damns a liar less than he that throws his

life away for pride ” and convinces people to lie which is against his

religion and considered a moral sin. But he decides that earthly life

is a greater gift than eternal life.

Everybody throughout their lives are faced with inner conflicts.

One must make a decision based on what they think is right and true.

These three characters probably just faced the most important decision

of their lives. Whether right or wrong their went with what they

thought was the right decision within their heart of hearts.

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