a question whether creativity is spawned by mental disorder. Albert Einstein
theorems were laughed at, but now widely used and accepted. Both men were highly
both men suffered from some kind of depression .
beyond the bounds of what already is known or deductible by reason . . .
Dr. Torrence, in his studies, concluded that intelligence does
stimulates creativity (Journal of Personality). His tests focused on the
hemispheres of the brain in which he stated that ” . . . left – hemisphere style
is related to less creativity than right – hemisphere and interhemisphere
styles.” (Journal of Personality). Results of Torrance’s study prompted others
to reject his conclusion by maintaining that “. . . intellectual superiority is
the primary determining factor in creative performance.” (Kirk & Gallager 1983).
Intelligence might not be a major factor in innovations but
most creative minds clearly operate on a different plane.” It is this millennium
similarities that he found while examining Sigmund Froyd, Albert Einstein, Pablo
Picasso, Igor Stravinsky, T.S. Elliot, Martha Graham and Mahatma Gandhi.
According to Gardner, a creative mind grows up in social seclusion. The
attention is dedicated to the ongoing project. The ?genius’ is known to follow
a ?10 year rule’, where this person is known to have”. . . two bursts of
creativity.”(U.S. News and World Report). First one is very extreme, and the
also known to have childlike perceptions on things. Taking a totally different
route to solving a problem was one of the major ways Albert Einstein came up
In the 4th century B.C. Aristotle was quoted as saying, “Why is it that
formed, “There is a thin line between genius and madness.” (New York Times). It
is not uncommon for a creative person to suffer from different types of
depressions. According to a study performed by Dr. Arnold M. Ludwig at the
University of Kentucky Medical Center that “. . . looked at the incidence of
psychiatric illness among 1004 eminent men and women . . . Ludwig discovered
the others.” (New York Times. C8). Dr. Ludwig does not conclude that all
creative people suffer from mental illness, however he does suggest that a
certain correlation does exist and it cannot be ignored.
conclusion to Dr. Ludwigs. The study allegedly examined over a thousand ?
geniuses’ and “. . . suggest[ed] a connection between creativity and mental
health rather than mental illness”(American Journal of Psychotherapy). The same
study insists that a general problem exists with the difficulty in determining
usually more troubled than their ?noncreative’ counterparts but have more
resources to deal with their problems(American Journal of Psychotherapy).
Reading previous studies, one could conclude two separate theories. One
is that depression stimulates creativity, and the other that creativity
stimulates depression. According to some current tests performed at the National
Institute of Mental Health, Dr. Post and Dr. Terence Ketter used a PET, brain
volunteers were injected with a drug that stimulated mania, brain’s limbic
activity increased. The limbic activity is part of the brain that is responsible
for the creative side of a person. When another drug was injected that
stimulated anxiety and euphoria, the limbic activity ceased. (New York Times)
somehow set free to ?roam’ and new ideas form. Thomas Edison would use this
hypnagogic state to think through his problems and come up with solutions. He
and instantly he would jot down the ideas that came to him(Psychology Today).
Sleep is not the only way ideas come to us. Whenever we are envolved in a
relaxing activity such as a walk or while taking a shower, our minds envoce our
limbic part of the brain.
Human mind is still a mystery to us all. It is hard to conclude on what
spawns creativity. Depression and intelligence seem very far apart, yet
scientists have found that both could be linked together.