through her diary, we also get accounts on how the other people were treated.
France was in a chaos. People were hungry and were left in poor conditions. The
Germans had finally left Toulouse after their defeat. Joy came at first to the French when
hatred to those that had helped the Germans succeed and also for those that allied with the
Germans. These people were labeled ?collaborators.? Even men and women that were
even attacked and worse, killed.
University of Toulouse. On the twenty-second of August in 1944, at about three o?clock
(according to Berthe), someone knocked on her door and soon enough Berthe was
arrested. Of those that were arrested, many did not know why they were arrested or what
was happening to them. It is only later that Berthe finds out that she was arrested because
she was accused of being a collaborator because she had belonged to a group called
?Collaboration.? ?Collaboration? was a ?French group for continental unity? and was
formed in the autumn of 1940. Berthe tells us through her diary that although she had
paid subscription fees, she however, never attended any of the meetings or participated in
any of the activities.
Berthe as well as other suspected collaborators spent their first few months at the
prostitutes from the brothels. These prostitutes were those that have served the Germans
and would return bruised and distressed. Some even had their heads saved and had
swastikas painted on them. For the worst part, these women were marched around the
they were, many of the women supported each other. Even those of different class knew
camp then at prison. For one thing, life was less severe and better organized. The
environment was much more relaxed and more space was available. However, this
environment this not last long. For there were soon more people getting arrested and the
atmosphere became less comfortable.
According to Berthe, most women were arrested because they carried out black
market activities with the Germans or they had let the Germans take their room. Some
even were believed to be the Germans? girlfriends. There were was also another group of
women that was also arrested. And this was because they were involved with the group
Malice. Others were arrested in place of their husbands or brothers that have escaped
with the Germans. Most of the accusations, however, were almost impossible to prove.
One of the biggest problems faced by authorities were what to charge people and what
punishment was to be given.
there were no accusations made to her. The jury lifted her accusation as there was no
evidence to the contrary. Berthe was recommended to be released in ten days. This
outcome however was not unusual. As noted before, it was almost impossible to find
evidence for what people were accused of. However, the courts of justice did condemn
248 people to death, 16 of whom were executed. The courts also discharged 461 citizens
and deprived 716 of their civil rights. 474 other people were given prison sentences.
However, most of these sentenced were pardoned in the 1950s.
The only substantial relationship that I have found to be related to the chapter is
the conditions of the results of World War II. France was invaded by the Nazis; however
it was not the Nazis that had mistreated or tortured the French as they did with the Jews
but it was the French themselves. What the French did were similar to what Hitler did to
the Jews but in a less severe perspective. The French arrested people and put them into
camps and prisons as the Nazis did to the Jews in Germany (arresting them and then
sending them to concentration camps). However, the French were more sympathetic to
their own people. At the least, the people were not put in gas chambers and slaughtered
because of their race.
From reading this article, I received a different perspective of the second World
War. Not all people were condemned to death by their enemies. Most however, suffered
from internal turmoil. This article also showed that it was not only the men that suffered
Chapter 29 is still somewhat of a question. In a way it has, to the point that I understood
the outcome of another group besides the Jews. Yet, if I had not read this article, my
understanding of Chapter 29 would not have been of a such great impact.