Committee and the “Red Scare.” Though the play provides an accurate account of the Salem
values in order to conform with the majority and protect themselves. Those who refuse to part
authority to try, convict, and execute anyone he deems appropriate. However, we as readers
sense little to no real malice in Danworth. Rather, ignorance and fear plague him. The mass
differentiation between right and wrong, fogging their sense of true justice.
War, became fearfully convinced that Communists, or “Reds,” were polluting American
government. He intended to hunt them out, force them to confess, and make them name their
associates, almost as the Salem judges had done. In fact, the character of Danforth is based on
created a frenzy among the public, involved people going against each other to prove their
innocence, and sought to hunt out those who rebelled against the dominant values of the time.
Arthur Miller’s own involvement in the McCarthy “witch hunt” is very significant in the
writing of The Crucible. He himself appeared before the House Committee on Un-American
meeting years earlier to learn about their views. He was asked to name the others at the meeting
but refused, stating, “I am trying to and I will protect my sense of myself.” Miller’s reaction to his
righteousness is maintained if one’s moral sense is kept. In Miller’s case, he was convicted of
contempt, but the conviction was later appealed and reversed. It is evident that he wrote about
McCarthyism indirectly to protect himself at the time.
in the 1950’s are remarkably similar situations. The issues dealt with by Miller in documenting
one of these clearly describes almost exactly the issues of the other. Miller masterfully uses the
unfamiliar setting of the Salem witch hunt to comment on his own time. It is obvious in all the
due to unjustified hysteria. The fact that we see this pattern repeat itself throughout history by
reading this play points out that Miller recognizes this as a major concern of society.
Though Arthur Miller creates parallels between controversies that occurred in very
way he deals with these as a theme in the play have a stronger relevance that is striking. He also
applicable and crucial to him. Accordingly, The Crucible is far more than a story of the past.
Rather, it is an allegory of our times.