The movement really got underway with
bandwagon quickly followed. Most of the students went to the southern
and hate crimes.
and hatred would get worse before it got better. Even though the Negroes
But gradually most of the whites came around to the idea of integration,
and did not see the blacks as a ‘threat’ anymore.
Jr and Malcolm X, not to mention the 1,000’s of other less famous civil
rights leaders, that worked to change the views of their community.
the civil rights movement in the 1960’s.
– 2 -
Rob Rheiner (the director of ‘Ghosts of
Mississippi’) has successfully portrayed the blatant dishonesty toward
blacks by the police force and the Mississippi courts. On one occasion
up and shook hands right in front of the victim’s wife. Another example
of dishonesty against blacks was that a retired judge had taken home murder
weapons (mainly from the murders of blacks) and kept them as souvenirs.
from crimes against blacks, for souvenirs.
The murderer portrayed a ‘couldn’t care
He knew that he would be found not guilty in the 60’s with the all male,
in the twenty years since his last trial and still had the same cocky attitude.
The writer of Malcolm X, Bernard Aquina
Malcolm X. He wanted to show that Malcolm dragged himself out of
the gutter to become one of the most famous civil rights leaders of the
twentieth century. This is shown by his chequered life, when he hung
around with criminals and committed small thefts, etc. In the text
in violent protest and Martin Luther King believed in non-violent protest.
‘Dr King was forced to reconsider his views [on non-violent protest] when
be was thrown in jail and beaten up’. This comment by the writer
makes Martin Luther King appear wrong and Malcolm right. This text is similar
X, that is, in a revered way.
had to suffer in the 1960’s and beyond. She explains how the blacks
had to pay at the front of the bus and then walk around the outside to
the back door where, more often that not, the bus driver would pull away
without letting them on, even after they paid. Rosa Parks rose to
fame after she refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man, this
came at a time when the civil rights movement was under way, and the story
was published throughout America. It is similar to the Malcolm X
text as I explained before.
– 3 -
‘98 is an overview of his life and achievements. It pays special
have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true
meaning of it’s creed.’ It also has quite a bit of background to
the speech explaining what he wanted for America. King’s assassination
is also covered with details about the FBI’s spying on him and what he
had done for society in general. The text is purely factual, slightly
similar to ‘Rosa Parks’ and ‘Malcolm X’
The ‘I have a dream’ speech by Martin
Luther King Jr has a potent message which is delivered in a powerful manner.
He managed to reach both the black and white audiences. Unlike Malcolm
X, he is for the idea of integration and hoped that some day it would be
self-evident that all men are created equal. This is shown by the
quote ‘One day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls
and brothers.’ This text is unlike any other I have studied because
it is so powerful, forward thinking and imaginative.
Alan Parker, who directed ‘Mississippi
Burning’, made a very powerful movie about a small Mississippi town with
a large Klan and small-minded residents. FBI agents were called in
of the Sheriff’s deputies was on up on trial for beating a black man, the
judge said ‘crimes were provoked by outside influences and the deputies
received suspended sentences. This is similar to the movie ‘Ghosts
of Mississippi’ because the judge was very racist and not inclined to convict
a white man who assaulted or killed a black man. Most of the locals
were members of the Ku Klux Klan and shared the same views as the judge
and police. One of the townsfolk said ‘We don’t accept Jews because
Orientals or Negroes because we are here to protect Anglo-Saxon democracy
– 4 -
In conclusion, the topic of racism and
civil rights of the 1960’s is a large one with many different points of
view. I think that Martin Luther King Jr had the right idea of integration
and non-violent protest. Malcolm X’s idea of keeping segregation
was untenable. The text with the most relevance for me was ‘The Ghosts
of Mississippi’ because it really showed how few rights black people really
had, and the unnecessary cruelty and hatred against black people that had
done nothing to them.