Algeria Essay, Research Paper



ria is located in Northern Africa. It is between Morocco and Tunisia, and bordering the

Mediterranean Sea. They have mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along the coast.

It is drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateaus. Algeria is made up mostly

of high plateaus and deserts, some mountains, and little coastal plains. Their main natural

resources are petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, and zinc. The

population is 31,133,486. The life expectancy is 69 years. The ethnic groups are mostly

Arab-Berber. The main religions are Sunni Muslim, Christian, and Jewish. The official

language is Arabic, and the others are French, and Berber dialects. The type of

government is a republic. They gained their independence on 5 July, 1962 from France.

Their government is divided up like ours into the Executive Branch, Legislative Branch,

and the Judicial Branch.

Algeria has four main physical regions. The first is the Tell which is made up of

coastal plains and some mountains. The next is the High Plateau which consists only of

high terrain. The fourth region is the Algerian Sahara which is mainly covered in gravel.

The official money of Algeria is the diner. 29.89 diners equal one U.S. dollar. The

exports are natural gas, petroleum, iron ore, vegetables, phosphates, tobacco, fruit, corks,

and hides. The imports are machinery, textiles, sugar, cereal, iron

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