Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany in 1770 to Johann van
Beethoven and his wife, Maria Magdalena. He took his first music
archbishop-elector of Cologne. His father was an unstable, yet
ambitious man whose excessive drinking, rough temper and anxiety
his household by the time he was 18 years old. His father?s
despite his father?s hopes. When he turned 11, he left school and
became an assistant organist to Christian Gottlob Neefe at the court
continuo player for the Bonn opera and accompanied their rehearsals on
keyboard. In 1787, he was sent to Vienna to take further lessons from
Mozart. Two months later, however, he was called back to Bonn by the
death of his mother.
He started to play the viola in the Opera Orchestra in 1789,
teach him in Vienna, and Beethoven then moved to Vienna permanently.
He received financial support from Prince Karl Lichnowsky, to whom he
dedicated his Piano Sonata in C minor, better known as The Path?tique
published his Op. 1 and Op. 2 piano sonatas. His works are
traditionally divided into three periods. The first is called the
Viennese Classical, the second is the Heroic, and the third is Late
developed, as he used many methods from Haydn, including the use of
works include Symphony no. 1 in C (1800), his first six string
quartets, and the Path?tique (1799). His Moonlight Sonata in C#
minor (1801) is known as the first of Heroic Beethoven.
sever depression. His composing skills were not affected by his
deafness, but his ability to teach and perform was inhibited. It is
said that he became deaf from his habit of pouring cold water over his
head while composing, to refresh himself, and then not drying his
massive amounts of hair afterwards. He wrote his only opera, Fidelio
reflects his personal desire to marry. Other works in the Heroic
period include the Kreuzer Sonata (1803), symphonies 3 ? 7, the Violin
Concerto in D major (1806), the Razumovsky Quartets (1806), the
Emperor Concerto (1809) and the Archduke Trio, Op. 97 (1811).
After 1813, during his Late period, Beethoven composed inwardly.
He was totally deaf, as this is sometimes known as the ?silent
period.? Some say that Beethoven was composing music for a different
his works, he used more miniaturization and expansion. The music
began to become ?odd? as he began to experiment with the number of
movements, contrast in volume and dynamics, harmonic predictability,
sonata movements and trills in his works. Beethoven became
increasingly argumentative as he was further tormented by his
understandable, but not easy to live with. He gave his last
performance in 1814, on the piano, but continued to be a respected
composer in Viennese society. Some of his late achievements include
the Diabelli Variations (1820-1823), the last piano sonatas and six
string quartets, the Mass in D major, Missa Solemnis (1823), the
Choral Symphony, no. 9 (1824), in which he set Schiller?s ?Ode to Joy?
in the final movement. At Beethoven?s death in 1827, Franz
feeling drawn to him.?