processes of the conscious rather than the definition of the conscious. He was the first to
introduce our nation to psychology as a standard educational course and the founder of
pragmatism which emphasizes the elimination of unnecessary thinking and finding truth
verified, collaborated, validated, and assimilated.
He believed consciousness to be exclusive, personal, and selective, a constant
individual. Every decision or choice is unique in that James believes that the process of
which he called the stream of consciousness. Because of the infinite number of ?streams?
it is inevitable that each choice is totally original in it?s creation.
gives meaning to the content (it is vague), and the nucleus (it is definite). Additionally,
James explains that without attention to a matter a decision can not be made, and that
decisions. Both must incorporate will which is described by James as the process that
holds one choice among the alternatives long enough to allow that choice to occur. The
rationale of choice involves two levels of knowing – knowledge of acquaintance (an
intuitive, sensory knowing) and knowledge about (intellectual, evaluative and factual
involved in establishing good personal habits include: 1) a need or desire 2) information 3)
repetition. Of course will is essential in establishing good habits (or breaking bad habits)
so the training and strengthening of will were of major concern for James. He proposed
proof themselves capable of willing themselves into any activity. Desired habits can be
established with repetition. He does however recognize the occasional need to surrender
the will and allow events to occur naturally. This, he believes, may induce a state of
state of mind.
?Self? is defined by James as the place from which all our mental processes
originate and through which all our experiences are perceived. The layers of self include
the Material Self (the part of us that defines and identifies ourselves via material goods
encounters) and the Spiritual Self (the feeling, sensing, and subjective layer).
manifestations (rather than the common believe the emotions cause physical
the open release of emotions as they are irrelevant in that they are only indicators of your
physical state. He believed that unexpressed emotions may lead to physical and mental
illness. He also advocated that one should maintain healthy-mindedness by choosing to
act positive and believe in a sense of wellness.
Supporting his believe in the physical effects of our emotions and his conclusions
feedback used to train the participant to control their own ?automatic? nervous system
through thought), Psychedelic Research (used to decipher the personal perception of self
in an altered state), Meditation (which is proving physiologically effective), Hypnosis
Personality Disorders (how the ?mind? splits creating entirely different personalities).
remained an often unappreciated theorist. However, those that are introduced to James
can not deny his significant educational and psychological contributions. Much of modern
I got most of the information from books and information from notebooks in college.