1) Positive Factors:
? Work force ?s protection: in a competitive context, employers are prone to implement their own policies, despite workers? rights. Thus, unions enable compromises (wage reopener clause or cost-of-living adjustment). This protection is moreover vital in some areas (textile, factories), because of the usual bad working conditions.
2) Negative factors:
? Anti-unionization strategies: some firms are not willing its employees to join an union, since they could possibly protest through: picketing, boycotts, slowdowns or even strikes. These employees might crack under the corporate pressure.
? A lack of negotiation: in some countries (like in Italy or France), unions are not reaching agreements on collective bargaining, since craft unions are too numerous. A compromise is often complex to find.
Therefore, several reasons can be found.
? In order to impose their conditions and demands, unions are prone to focus on confrontation rather than on co-operation (mainly strikes).
? Furthermore, french unions are unable to federate craft-unions. Therefore, agreements have to be reached with a diversity of unions.
? Finally, employees do not believe that unions are able to protect and to defend their own rights. Thus, a certain decline of the unionization is noticed at present.
introduction to modern business