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Over Populated


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Over Populated Essay, Research Paper

A married couple in India wanted to have a son to carry on the name of their family. Thefamily had tried very hard and the wife had gotten pregnant and she would have girls and girls only, still no son to carry on the family name. The couple were so determined to

have a son that when they had finally had 14 girls they vowed that if they re next child isn t a male then that child shall die. Then the baby was born and it turned out to be a baby girl. That day the mother went out to the back yard and with boiling hot chicken

soup she poured the soup down the baby girls throat and had killed the baby then she barried it in their own backyard. The couple then tried again and still another girl. This time the father went out and killed the baby, because the mother couldn t bear to kill her

child, so the father killed the baby by smashing her head up against a rock. Then the last time that they had tried they still ended up with a girl, but this time the mother and father couldn t bear killing their children anymore, so then the mother-in-law killed the baby and they never tried again. Another anecdote would be that in China the population growth is so corrupt that if a woman gives birth to a female they kill the baby instantly, same goes with the special-Ed males.

The point that I am trying to make is that India and China both have a huge population problem, and if we don t try to do something about it this problem will increase and soon hurt the United States and rest of the world. It is said that 32 Indians are being born every minute. The current fertility rate (Average number of children per woman) is 3.9 in India. If this figure does not decrease to 2.0 or so before this very small time scale of 39 years runs out, we will be dealing with 1700 Million people who would have even lesser hope than we have for solving this problem. The total fertility rate for China is 1.9,and for the United States it is 2.0, a fertility rate of 2 implies Zero Population Growth. So what does that tell you about the population problem? The population increases in a geometric progression. We are now 930 million and ever increasing. Our population will double in 39 years according to current estimates. It will not stop there, it will double again in 40 years and perhaps even faster. It is important to comprehend that it is not a direct growth. Therefore the solution to the Population Explosion lies with those people who can appreciate the urgent need to act. It lies with students, faculty, professionals,doctors, medical persons, social workers and most importantly the people themselves,who together with the others should act unitedly and immediately and solve this grave

problem.

As China is having an enormous economic expansion it is also facing many problems. One of the major problems people have become more and more concerned about is the country’s population. In the beginning of this century there were some 426 million people living in China. Today the population is about 1.2 billion. About two-thirds of this 900 million increase was added within the last 50 years. In another word, the population has tripled since the People’s Republic of China was grounded. Today the mainland China alone contributes to at least 20% of the world’s population. It is also very well known all over the world that in China couples nowadays are not allowed to have

more than one child per family. This policy was first hinted by Deng Xiaoping in a 1979 speech and was in place nationwide by 1981. It has received lot of criticism from almost every corner of the world ever since. Many people, especially people in western countries, consider this policy as a strong violation of human rights. But do you consider it a violation of human rights if we don t want the world being over populated?

India also is suffering from such a problem. India had a population of 631 million. Today the figure is 874 million, and by the year 2000 it will increase to more than 1 billion. Concerted government efforts have helped reduce the annual population growth rate from 2.3 percent to 1.9 percent, with a further drop to 1.7 percent projected in the

next few years. A likely engine to accelerate change in India’s population patterns may be economic growth, as population growth tends to slow when economic growth rises. China, once roughly India’s equal in population growth, has cut its rate to 1.3 percent, a

figure close to Japan’s growth rate during its rapid industrialization in the 1960s. The change in China, which is partly due to the country’s “one child” policy, has been reinforced by its 10 percent economic growth rate. The reduction in population growth is

most apparent in China’s rapidly expanding cities. Fertility rates in the cities are about half those in rural areas. Some experts predict India’s population will surpass China’s before the middle of the next century. This could result in continued crisis or, given economic

growth, provide the country with a powerful work force to compete with its neighbors to the east and north.

Whatever the size of China’s population is at the dawn of the 21st century it is certain to account of twenty percent of the world’s projected population. Since the world’s population is nearing the limit of what the earth could handle, the problem of China’s population is also becoming a global concern. Even though the birth rate in China has dropped from 33.43 per thousand in 1970 to 21.06 per thousand in 1990, and the average children has declined from 5.01 per woman in 1970 to 2.31 per woman in 1990, China still has the a yearly increase of 17 million people and more than a quarter of the annual addition to the national income is consumed by new population born during the year. If we assume that the population in 1970 was 800 million and the one-child policy has not yet been carried and thus the birth rate would continue to be 33.43 per thousand per year. The population of China at the end of 1996 would have been 1.9 billion and the annual increase of population will be 40 million instead of 17 million.

This population problem is a “monster” and it can and must be solved. It will take effort, sacrifice, creative thinking and the coming together of many like-minded people with an intense motivation and dedication to attack and solve this problem. With about 600,000 villages to be reached the task appears to be daunting and hopeless. However an agreeing effort that involves the community in planning and implementing programs and is sensitive to the needs and concerns of the people is bound to have an impact. Once people find an incentive to having a small family and have the opportunity to have a reasonable standard of living the effect can snow-ball and we will be able to effectively control the current growth rate that is frightening the economy and the lives of the people The Statistics are even more shocking India will overtake China in population in the year 2,025. The estimated population in India in the year 2025 would be 1393.9 million. Now, can you imagine how much an average Indian eats everyday. Lets say 2 or 3 rotis for dinner. Take one away from him/her to feed the increased population? What do you think

you get? The facts are so horrible. Will our future ever forgive us if we don t act when we can? If you were a kid going to school in the year 2,025, who would you think could have solved the population problem but didn t?

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