Colossal and rich in C8 (Lorsch and Fulda). ?
Nobles provided them with patronage for spiritual
supported different monasteries etc.. ?
Hence attraction in C8 for kings to make monastic
reforms. Could take moral high ground and make big profits ? could exert pol
lever ? appointment of abbots and dishing out of benefices. ?
Carolingians regarded themselves as divinely supported.
Success was self-confirming. ?
Church reform allows interference ? land and
ideological resources came together. ?
most acute. ?