convincing a book is part of the lasting literature of our age,” and with good
reason. The main character of the novel, Stephen Dedalus, is a complex and
there are instances when Stephen is angered by his fathers’ actions, and resents
his statements. The growing debts incurred by Simon lead to his son’s
institution are relayed by his father, much to the chagrin of the younger
Dedalus. Later in the novel, Stephen loses even more respect for his father as
school and converses with his former classmates. Stephen is upset to hear of
to rebel against his strict upbringing, striking back at his familys’
traditional values and way of life.
Religion is an ever present force in Stephen’s life. He attends a
great reference for the priests at his school, and even fears the rector. As
gives into his desire when he encounters a prostitute in Dublin. From this
point forward, he views his life as an immoral one and makes many attempts to
correct it. He goes so far as to deprive all of his senses from any form of
pleasure. While attending a religious retreat, Stephen takes all that he hears
to an eternity in Hell. Deciding that he must confess his immoral act, Stephen
goes to a small parish where he is not known. He begins to overcompensate for
his sins, but to no avail. His sinful ways overcome his spiritual values, and
Stephen decides to abandon his religion. He vows to change his life for the
and Stephen embraces it. He explains his new theories to all who will listen,
life of freedom.
distinct aspects involved in it. The stylistic method of writing that Joyce
uses is perhaps the most notable of them. Not once in the novel are quotation
marks used, making it difficult to judge where dialogue begins and ends. This
simple determination of Stephen’s age, is difficult to grasp during certain
instances. Joyce may have utilized this to allow the reader to bring a more
personal approach to the reading and understanding of the work. This, too, is a
fascinating aspect of the novel. Many critics believe that Portrait is an
autobiographical piece of fiction. Many similarities exist between the lives of
Stephen and Joyce. The strong religious upbringing of these Irishmen, their
financial hardships, and the family life of each male is strikingly similar.
strongly attached to their artistic interests. However many differences between
their lives, it is obvious that Joyce drew upon his own life when he created
this work. Although Joyce was more of an athlete, more extroverted, and
regarded his peers as equals or superiors, Stephen’s life parallels his with a
were the academic honors he was given, yet the fact still remains that the life
of Stephen Dedalus and James Joyce are intertwined to a great extent.
On the whole, this novel was an obvious work of great literary skill.
The mastery with which it was written, and the questions it turns up in the
reader’s own mind, affirm the classic nature of Joyce’s writing. The times at
which the story line is difficult to follow are more than compensated for by the
Joyce, and all his struggles to become whom he felt that he was meant to. It
symbolizes an endeavor that everyone should take to heart; when one believes in
the difficulties that they must overcome.