IQ Tests


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IQ Tests Essay, Research Paper

What is IQ? For decades, a lot emphasis has been put on certain aspect of

intelligence. This intelligence is called IQ ( Intelligence Quotient ). IQ

includes aspects of Mathematics, spatial learning, Verbal, logical reasoning,

and memory. This intelligence could predict to a significant degree of

performances and some degree of personal and professional success. However, some

people with fabulous IQ scores are doing poorly in their life. They somehow are

wasting their potential by thinking, behaving and communication in a way that

hinders their chances to succeed. There is something missing in the success

equation. The missing part in the success equation is EQ or EIQ ( Emotional

Intelligence Quotient ). Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, had a recipe for

handling relationship smoothly. He said, " You must be able to angry with

the right person, to the right degree, at the right time, for the right purpose

and in the right way " – Aristotle, Greek philosopher – While psychologist,

Daniel Goleman, called such self-control as ? Emotional Intelligence ?. This

concept was made popular by his groundbreaking book ? Emotional Intelligence

? in 199 . EQ refers to a combination of skills such as empathy, self-control,

self-awareness, sensitivity to feelings of others, persistence and

self-motivation. People who excel in their life tend to be emotionally

intelligent. IQ ( Intelligence Quotient ) EQ ( Emotional Intelligence ) ╥

Mathematics╥ Spatial Learning╥ Verbal╥ Logical

Reasoning╥ Memory ╥ Empathy╥ Self-control╥

Self-awareness╥ Sensitivity to feelings of others╥

Persistence╥ Self-Motivation Aspects of IQ & EQ and Their Differences

WHY EQ IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN IQ ? As all of us know, EQ is more important than

IQ nowadays. A person with high EQ shows signs of not afraid to express his

feeling and express them with reason, logic and reality, and not the slave to

negative emotion such as fear, worry, guilt. We should be brave and do things

that we want to do. Besides, we should act out or do something to desire and not

of force or duty. We should always express our feelings clearly and directly

with three word sentence, so that we can let feelings guide us through life.

Independent, self-reliant and morally autonomous also shows one with high EQ.

High EQ is definitely not motivated by power, wealth, status, fame or approval

but feelings, comfortable talking about feelings, immobilized by fear or worry,

and able to identify multiple concurrent feelings. There are many evidences that

show EQ is more important than IQ : EQ proves that emotion influences a person’s

behavior though he is brilliant and high IQ. Two students show different

feelings towards their results. Both the students get B- grade in their exam.

The optimistic students ( high EQ ) shows the satisfying feeling to the result

and accepts it with reasons while the other acts aggressively and is unsatisfied

with the result although he is brilliant and with high IQ. Undesirable action

may appear if the latter cannot control his emotion. Another evidence that can

been seen in our social life is optimistic person is always welcomed by others

and it shows that EQ helps us in our social life when we can understand others

feelings and act friendly and be more optimistic. In addition, EQ also fulfills

our own feelings needs if we know how to release negative emotion that has

tolerated for a long time. This will reduce our stress in life. If we have high

EQ, we know how to protect ourselves biologically. We will feel afraid when a

snake attacks us. Emotion will make us feel fear and react to the situation. We

will run away and will be more careful when we see a snake next time. Besides,

EQ also helps us to protect ourselves from dangerous. For example, anxiety

prevents us from repeating the same mistake, while angry defends ourselves from

repeatedly disturbance or being attacked by others. On the whole, we know that

EQ is important for us rather than having only IQ. So, we should know how to

apply EQ into our daily life. ╥ EQ influences a person’s behavior though

he is brilliant and high IQ.╥ EQ helps us in our social life when we can

understand others feelings and act friendly and be more optimistic.╥ EQ

fulfills our own feelings needs.╥ EQ protects us biologically.╥ EQ

helps us to protect ourselves from dangerous. The Importance of EQ LEARNING EQ

?Intelligence? is really a mixture of different kinds of cognition,

?Emotional Intelligence? is really a combination of patterns, behaviors and

kinds of thoughts. There is a model of how to learn EQ. It is made up of stages

such as ?Know yourself?, ?Choose yourself? and ?Give yourself?. This

model is taken from Six Seconds? Web ( www.6seconds.org , 1998 ). Question

Components Stage 1Know Yourself ь What makes you think , act and feel the

way you do?ь What parts of your reaction are habitual (done without

conscious thought and which parts are intentional?ь What are you afraid

of? Э Self-awareness : the recognition of the causes and effects of your

own feelings and reaction.Э Self-honesty : the acceptance of your own

qualities and faults, your own experiences and emotions and your own power.Э

Independence : the recognition of your own rights and responsibilities as a free

person. Stage 2Choose Yourself ь How do you know what is right for you?ь

Can you increase your awareness of your actions so that you see their effects?ь

If you were not afraid, what would you do?ь Can you live with doing less

that what is right? Э Delay gratification : take ?right? action even

though there may not be immediate reward.Э Prioritize : bring to the

forefront of your mind a ?checklist? of what is most important so you can

weigh decisions and actions.Э Manage feelings : use simple techniques,

like a pause for reflection, to act ? not react.Э Optimism : recognize

that you have choice, that you can make a difference, that you are an important

part of a living whole.Э Accountability : hold yourself to high standards

and do what is right ? even when it seems hopeless Stage 3 Give Yourself

ь Am I leaving a legacy of good?ь Am I healing or hurting?ь Do

I live the golden rule?ь Will I die knowing I lived well? Э

Interdependence : the recognition of an individual?s place in the larger

community; awareness and decision making that takes into account the short &

long term consequences of our actions.Э Empathy : use your awareness to

guide your choices.Э Noble Goals : commit to action that serves ideals

& serves others, but does not hurt anyone and does not profit one over

another. ( Six Seconds? Web, www.6seconds.org , 1998 ) There are activities to

build EQ and to take charge of how you think, feel and act. These activities

begin with knowing yourself. It?s through self-index, reflecting on EQ and

naming feelings. The activities are taken out from the Six Seconds? Web

(1998). Topic Activities Getting To Know Me 1. Self Index ╗ Make a list of

your strengths and your vulnerabilities.╗ Copy your list and give it to

several people who know you well and ask them mark the three strengths and the

three vulnerabilities that best describe you. Invite them to add others to the

list.╗ After one week or two, revisit your list and revise it. Choose one

strength you will focus on building. Make a list of ways you prevent yourself

from fully utilizing that strength. 2. Reflecting on EQ ╗ Take the

emotional intelligence test from books or from websites.╗ Check the

answer. Do you agree with your results? 3. Naming Feelings ╗ Clip out 6

cartoons or comics from a paper or magazine. On a separate sheet label each with

an emotional concept or a feeling.╗ Examples of Concepts : esteem,

integrity, hope, community, values, perseverance, gratitude, grace.╗

Examples of Feelings : fear, love, anger, pessimism, adoration, despair,

anguish, confusion, frustration, anxiety, disgust, terror, ecstasy. ( Six

Seconds? Web, www.6seconds.org , 1998 ) There are 10 habits of high EQ people.

( EQ Institute, www.eqi.org ,1999 ) 1. Label their feelings, rather than

labeling people or situations.2. Distinguish between thoughts and feelings.3.

Take responsibility for their feelings.4. Use their feelings to help them make

decisions.5. Show respect for other people?s feelings.6. Feel energized, not

angry.7. Validate other people?s feelings.8. Practice getting a positive value

from their negative emotions.9. Don?t advise, command, control, criticize,

judge or lecture to others.10. Avoid people who invalidate them, or don?t

respect their feelings. Learning EQ is not a difficult task. So, try to control

your emotions and behave properly. With the list of habits of high EQ people

above, we can determine ourselves whether we are high EQ person or not.

Know, Choose, Give : Six Seconds Model of Applied Emotional Intelligence. Six

Seconds? Web [Online]. Available : http://www.6seconds.org/ [1998, December 10

Review of the book of Daniel Goleman : Emotional Intelligence. EQ Institute

[Online] Available : http://www.eqi.org (1999)

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