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Galicia Essay, Research Paper


Galicia is located in the green northwestern part of Spain. If it was

not for Santiago de Compestela, Galicia may not have been known as well as it is.

As it is some os Galicia’s provinces are not even known to tourists, and

probably will never be. Unlike the rest of Spain, Galicia looks much like

Ireland. Which attracted the Celts during their exploration. The landscape is

lush and filled with pine and eucalyptus. Galicia also has some of the best

beaches in all of Spain.

Gallegos (Galicia’s people) are very different from other Spanish people

and seem to almost be a different race. They have a whiter pailer complextion,

and have blond hair. They are also different in the things that they do for

entertainment. They don’t have any of the high-tech theatures, or the night

life of Madrid. They are more interested in music, poetry, land, family,

witchcraft, death, and superstition. They spend a lot of time thinking about

things and why they are the way that they are. They usually are not prejudice

to any outsiders, and willing listen to their ideas. People believe that many

of these traits came from the Celts who came in 1000 B.C. and ruled until A.D.

137. They seem to have many things in common with the Irish and the Scots

because of this. Including a bagpipe-like instrument called a Gaita.

The language of Galicia is different from the rest of Spain also, they

speak a variation of Castillian which has some French tones as well as

Portuguese. They have their own favorite foods also, which consist mainly of

seafood. Some of their specialty dishes are: merluza (hake), cigalas (prawns),

camarones (small shrimp). chipirones (little squid), langostines (crayfish),

vieiras (scallops), percebes (goose baracles), and trout and other local fish.

Most of their dishes are served either in casseroles or broiled, or steamed, or

rolled into crepes called empanadas. In the winter months, the dishes are

served with meat instead of seafood. Usually the meat is rabbit, or game.

Although ham, pork, and sausages are also served. Cheese is also another

specialty of Galicia, a entire meal can be made up of just cheese, and not be

boring! Many Gallegos have cheese and peasant bread for their lunchtime meal

every day. For desserts, the Gallegos make excellant pastrys and sponge cakes,

which are not found in any other part of Spain.

Wine is probably the greatest thing that Galicia has to offer to the

world, often said to be one of the best wine makers of the world. Albarino is

probably the best wine from Galicia, it is said to be Spains long awaited white-

wine. It is one of the most interesting wines in Spain, and rapidly becoming

one of the most expensive. The growing area for Albarino is around the town of

cambados, on the Atlantic coast in the Pontevedra province. To be called

Albarino, the wine must be made from 100% Albarino grapes. Albarino is a dry,

elegant, acidy wine, and has a very flowery smell. It is usually produced in

small lot by Gallego artisans, which causes it to be so expensive. Not long ago

it was limited to Galicia, but now a few businesses have begun to distribute it

to other parts of Spain.

Galicia is also known for its religious festivals and every parish has a

festival for its patron saint once evey year. Since their are almost 4,000

parishes in Galicia you are very likely to be able to visit one when visiting.

During these festivals, you can purchase crafts, talk to neighbors, and listen

to live bands. Some of the more popular festivals are: Los Maios, celebrated in

May, and Magosto, celebrated in November.

The cathedral of Santiago is one of the major sites in Galicia, which is

located in the plaza de Obradoiro. It is a huge 17th century baroque cathedral

with two huge towers that seem to reach to heaven inself. In the afternoon sun,

the cathedral seems to glow a bright gold color whcih is caused by a buildup of

a lichen over the years. The churches centerpiece is a statue of Saint Janes on

top of the main altar at the front of the central nave. At the back of the

statue, there is a staircase that leads up to the statue. Many pilgrims walk up

the staircase to touch the statue. Beneath the retable is a narrow passageway

that leads to the crypt which is built into the foundation of the 9th century

church that used to be there. The remains of the saint and his disciples are in

silver caskets there, and people go down to pay respect to him often. Back in

the main part of the the church, the high vaulted inside creates a sensational

feeling that is undescribable is felt. A gigantic censer hangs in front of the

altar, and on holidays it scents the entire church with incense. The censer was

built on such a large scale to try to cover up the horrible smell of all the

pilgrims after traveling to the cathedral. It is so heavy that eight full grown

men are required to swing it. The chapels lining the walls of the church are

filled with rich altars, tombs, and various works of art. The reliquary chapel,

located off the right name just inside the cathedral contains valuable urns, and

statues. The treasury contains silver, gold, and brinze crucufixes from various

centeries, statues of Saint James, and jewelery. Upstairs, ther are Flemish

tapestries from the 17th century and a dozen from the 19th century based on the

cartoons of Goya. Finally after exiting the cathedral, you’ll find many

beautiful doors, and archways. Be sure to see the Puerta de las Platerias, a

romanesque doorway, with carvings of king David and the creation of Adam and Eve.

The Hostal de los Reyes Catolicos is a finely hotel furnished that would

make excellant accomidations if funds allow. It is located right on the Paza de

Obradoiro, double rooms are currently around 32,000 pesetas a night during high

season, and 25,000 pesetas off season, which isn’t too bad considering how

expensive rooms in Paris and London are. The lobby is filled with antiques as

well as some of the bedrooms. Paintings decerate the hallways and rooms, which

have all been recently refurbished. Many of the rooms have casement windows

that open onto a courtyard. The courtyards of Mark, Matthew, Luke and John are

a beautiful place to take a early morning walk. There are two restaurants in

the hotel, one casual, one more expensive and more formal. The formal one has a

mideivel look to it and has high vaulted ceilings. The living room provides a

wonderful place to wait for a seat in one of the tow restaurants or a nice place

to have an after dinner drink. While there be sure to have the breakfast buffet.

It includes dishes from all over as well as local favorites. A good place to

end the day is on the stone bench that is in front of the Hotel, it provides a

lovely view.

Shopping in the old town is also a good idea for spending a day. There

is no need to worry about getting lost and many international and local crafts

can be found all over the area. There is a large bookstore that carries

English-language books and newspapers which is a good place to start off the

shopping day.

If you would like to spend a day at the beach, the Isla De Arousa is an

excellant island to spend it at. It is serviced by frequent ferry service from

Vilanova, and has many beautiful beaches and also excellant sportfishing. It is

the largest Island in Galicia and is also the closest.

Getting around Spain is fairly easy, the most expensive, but easiest way

is to rent a autoemobile, there is a good network of roads going to every part

of Spain starting at the Plaza Del Sol in the center of Madrid, which is also

the geographic center of Spain. If you wish to save money the bus is also

another good alternative, Spain has a very good network of public bus systems

that go almost anywhere you would want to go. The train is also a very good way

to travel. Europe is famous for its train system and A person can get anywhere

he or she wants to go by train. Spains trains are fairly comfortable and travel

at reasonably fast speeds so you can get where you want to get quickly.

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