Through out the play we know for a fact the main character,
Oedipus Rex, had indeed killed his father in a confrontation, and
ranging from one extreme to the other.
After Oedipus learns about his prophesy, he becomes deathly
afraid the Oracle might become true. One problem, Oedipus doesn?t
know the people he has been living with are not his birth
parents. He leaves his native place so he would not fulfill his
father. In a sudden quarrel strikes him dead. After Oedipus
solves the riddle of the Sphinx, the city is saved. He is
rewarded with the hand of Iocaste, and becomes king of Thebes. At
this point the prophesy has been fulfilled, by the unknowing King
can easily lead to arrogance, which is later seen.
Throughout the story Oedipus gets several clues, which makes
him believe the oracle came true, he later shows he is sincerely
and to Iocaste, about his prophesy. Iocaste?s says the following
?Why should anyone in this world be afraid,
since fate rules us and nothing can be foreseen?
A man should live only for the present day.
How many men, in dreams, have lain with their mothers!
No reasonable man is troubled by such things.?
(Sophocles, p. 192)
This is in relation to what Freudian Freud?s psychoanalytic
?An Oedipus complex consists of a double set of
yearning for his mother is coupled with a powerful
jealousy of and rage toward his father…The whole
thoroughly repressed, and cannot be recalled without
the aid of psychoanalytic therapy. Its effects may well
become obvious, however, as when a man marries a woman
who closely resembles his mother.?
(R.J. Corsini,Ed., p. 512)(Also page 3 of packet).
Iocaste is basically saying the same thing Freud states, almost
twenty five hundred years later. Marrying someone that
unconsciously reminds you of your mother, and actually going out
and marrying your mother is two different things, which is why
Oedipus gets so disgusted when he find out that Iocaste is not
only his wife, but also his mother.
Oedipus goes through a great deal of emotions in the next
few pages of the story, from one extreme to the other. Oedipus
guilty of killing his own father. From here he learns about a
Shepherd from Choragos, the Shepherd might know more about his
prophesy is not true. After disguising the baby with the Shepherd
?Ah God! It was true! all the prophecies! -Now,
O Light, may I look on you for the last time!
Oedipus, damned in his birth, in his marriage damned,
Damned in the blood he shed with his own hand!?
(Sophocles, p. 198)
Oedipus is enraged about learning that the entire prophesy has
come true, and to make things worse for him, he finds out that
his mother/wife kills herself. He is so extremely disgusted with
the whole prophesy, which explains what he does next.
I would blot out from my mind what happened next!
For the King ripped from her gown the golden brooches
that were her ornament, and raised them, and plunged
the faces of those whom I should never have seen, too
long been blind to those for whom I was searching! From
this hour, go in darkness!?
… He struck at his eyes–not once, but many times.?
(Sophocles, p. 201)
What Oedipus had gone through is beyond anything an average
person ever experienced, or will ever experience. Which is why
longer King, Creon defiantly lets Oedipus know about it, with a
remark. At the very end of the play, Oedipus is totally fed up
with the way his life ended up, and wants to end it all. He
demands that Creon and Choragos bring him to the top of the
mountain to where he was originally placed, by his parents to
doesn?t allow it to happen. ?Think no longer that you are in
command here, but rather think how, when you were, you served
your own destruction.? (Sophocles, p. 207).
“Oedipus Rex” by Sophocles